The Impact of Out-of-Home Childcare Centers on Early Childhood Development
AbstractThis paper presents a comprehensive empirical analysis of the impact of attending a child day care center on early childhood development (ECD) in Chile, examining child development from a multi-dimensional perspective. The potential endogeneity associated with the parental decision of sending children to day care centers (or preschools) is addressed. Additionally, unobserved heterogeneity is interpreted as (latent) abilities. This approach provides a unifying framework combining parental decisions, children’s endowments, and child care characteristics. The results of the study suggest that: (i) cognitive and socioemotional test scores from children younger than two are too noisy to be analyzed; (ii) analysis of enrollment in child care centers for children older than two reveals significant effects of family background, unobserved abilities, the local availability of centers, and local capacity; and (iii) enrollment in child care centers seems to boost cognitive development among children older than two.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4723.
Date of creation: Jun 2011
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- Prashant Bharadwaj & Katrine Vellesen L?ken & Christopher Neilson, 2013.
"Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 103(5), pages 1862-91, August.
- Bharadwaj, Prashant & Loken, Katrine Vellesen & Neilson, Christopher, 2012. "Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement," IZA Discussion Papers 6864, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Bharadwaj, Prashant & Løken, Katrine V. & Neilson, Christopher, 2012. "Early Life Health Interventions And Academic Achievement," Working Papers in Economics 13/12, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
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