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Inversión en capital fijo y la demanda relativa de mano de obra calificada: elementos de juicio internacionales

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  • Karnit Flug
  • Zvi Hercowitz

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se calculan los efectos de las inversiones en capital fijo sobre los salarios relativos y el empleo de mano de obra calificada, y se analiza su dinámica. La hipótesis básica es que dichos efectos son positivos, debido bien sea a la manera en que el capital fijo y la calificación laboral se complementan, o a la ventaja de la calificación en la adopción de nuevas tecnologías. Se emplea un conjunto de datos de panel con una amplia gama de países, se hace una regresión del salario y el empleo relativos de los trabajadores calificados sobre inversiones desfasadas en equipos y otras variables pertinentes. Los resultados indican un efecto intenso y positivo de la inversión en equipos sobre la demanda relativa de mano de obra calificada.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4043.

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Date of creation: Dec 1996
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4043

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  1. Cooley, Thomas F. & Greenwood, Jeremy & Yorukoglu, Mehmet, 1997. "The replacement problem," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 457-499, December.
  2. Robert C. Feenstra & Gordon H. Hanson, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladoras," NBER Working Papers 5122, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. E Berman & J Bound & Stephen Machin, 1997. "Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence," CEP Discussion Papers dp0367, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  5. Greenwood, J. & Hercowitz, Z. & Krusell, P., 1996. "Long-Run Implications of Investment-Specific Technological Change," RCER Working Papers 420, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  6. Berman, Eli & Bound, John & Griliches, Zvi, 1994. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufactures," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(2), pages 367-97, May.
  7. Bartel, Ann P & Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1987. "The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 1-11, February.
  8. Bound, John & Johnson, George, 1992. "Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980's: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 371-92, June.
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