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Análisis De Los Factores Determinantes De Las Desigualdades Internacionales En Las Emisiones De Co2 Per Cápita Aplicando El Enfoque Distributivo: Una Metodología De Descomposición Por Factores De Kaya (*)

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  • Juan Antonio Duro Moreno

    (Departamento de Economía. Universitat Rovira i Virigili)

  • Emilio Padilla Rosa

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

. En este trabajo desarrollamos una metodología para descomponer las desigualdades internacionales en las emisiones de CO2 en factores (multiplicativos) de Kaya y dos términos de interacción. Utilizamos el índice de desigualdad de Theil y mostramos que esta metodología de descomposición puede extenderse para analizar los componentes de desigualdad inter e intragrupal. A continuación podemos analizar los factores detrás de las desigualdades en las emisiones de CO2 per cápita entre países, entre grupos de países y dentro de los grupos de países. La ilustración empírica sugiere algunas cuestiones. Primero, la desigualdad internacional en las emisiones de CO2 per cápita es principalmente atribuible a las desigualdades en los niveles de renta per cápita, lo que ayuda a explicar su reciente reducción, mientras que las diferencias en la intensidad de carbono de la energía y la intensidad energética han hecho una contribución mucho menos significativa. Este resultado está fuertemente influenciado por el comportamiento de China e India. En segundo lugar, el componente de la desigualdad entre grupos, que es el mayor, está también explicado en buena medida por el factor ingreso. En tercer lugar, el componente de la desigualdad dentro de los grupos aumentó ligeramente durante el período, algo principalmente debido al cambio en el factor de ingreso y los términos de interacción en unas pocas regiones.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Estudios Fiscales in its series Working Papers with number 25-05 Classification-JEL :.

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:wpaper:y:2005:i:25

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Keywords: desigualdad en las emisiones; desigualdad entre países; factores de Kaya; índice de Theil.;

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