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How Large are the Effects from Temporary Changes in Family Environment: Evidence from a Child-evacuation Program during WWII

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  • Santavirta, Torsten

    (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University)

Abstract

During WWII some 70,000 Finnish children were evacuated to Sweden and placed in foster families. The evacuation scheme limited sharply the scope for selection into foster care based on background characteristics. A first-come first-served policy was applied where the children were assigned a running number and processed anonymously. Using register and survey data I examine the extent to which the foster environment affected later life outcomes of the Finnish child evacuees. The results show that nurture - the socioeconomic environment at early stages of life - has an important effect on schooling, labor attachment and risky behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 8/2010.

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Length: 65 pages
Date of creation: 29 Aug 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2010_008

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Keywords: child evacuation; nurture effect; intergenerational transmission;

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  1. Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Åslund, Olof, 2000. "Ethnic Enclaves and the Economic Success of Immigrants - Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2000:21, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  2. Das, Mitali & Sjogren, Tanja, 2002. "The inter-generational link in income mobility: evidence from adoptions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 55-60, March.
  3. Flavio Cunha & James Heckman & Susanne Schennach, 2010. "Estimating the technology of cognitive and noncognitive skill formation," CeMMAP working papers, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies CWP09/10, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Pekkarinen, Tuomas & Uusitalo, Roope & Pekkala, Sari, 2006. "Education Policy and Intergenerational Income Mobility: Evidence from the Finnish Comprehensive School Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 2204, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Anders Björklund & Mikael Lindahl & Erik Plug, 2006. "The Origins of Intergenerational Associations: Lessons from Swedish Adoption Data," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 121(3), pages 999-1028, 08.
  6. Jeffrey R Kling & Jeffrey B Liebman & Lawrence F Katz, 2007. "Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 75(1), pages 83-119, 01.
  7. M. Daniele Paserman & Eric Gould & Victor Lavy, 2010. "Sixty Years after the Magic Carpet Ride: The Long-Run Effect of the Early Childhood Environment on Social and Economic Outcomes," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series, Boston University - Department of Economics WP2010-045, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  8. Gould, Eric D & Lavy, Victor & Paserman, Marco Daniele, 2003. "Immigrating to Opportunity: Estimating the Effect of School Quality Using a Natural Experiment on Ethiopians in Israel," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Nicole Halmdienst & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2013. "Long-Run Effects of Childhood Shocks on Health in Late Adulthood: Evidence from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe," NRN working papers, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2013-01, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.

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