Vacancies, Hirings, and the Duration Function
AbstractWhile the matching function relates hirings (H) to vacancies (V) and unemployment, the duration function relates the average duration of vacancies as measured by V/H to unemployment. Shifts of the duration function are equivalent to shifts of the matching function but easier to interpret. Therefore, this paper focuses on the microfoundations of the duration function. We find, first, that outward shifts of the duration function, or, equivalently, longer recruitment times at given unemployment, have no direct effects on hirings. Second, the effect of longer recruitment times on hirings through higher recruitment costs depends on the relative importance of vacancy costs in total recruitment costs, where vacancy costs include the opportunity cost of unfilled jobs. Third, this paper reports information on unfilled jobs (unmet demand) as distinct from job vacancies (recruitment processes) according to a new business survey in Sweden.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 2/2003.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 13 Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Job vacancies; hirings; friction; matching function; Beveridge curve;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-12-12 (All new papers)
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