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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

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Author Info

  • Cyrille Hagneré

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

  • Nathalie Picard

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

  • Alain Trannoy

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

  • Karine Van-Der-Straeten

    (PSE - La plante et son environnement - CNRS : IFR87 - INRA - Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon - Université Paris Sud - Paris XI)

Abstract

Il est procédé à l'estimation par maximum de vraisemblance de 6 modèles qui font intervenir d'une manière tantôt substituable, tantôt complémentaire trois facteurs de non-emploi : le plus ou moins grand désir de travailler lié aux incitations financières, une productivité insuffisante inférieure au coût du Smic et des dysfonctionnements du marché du travail. L'étude du comportement de participation est réalisée à l'aide d'un modèle de micro-simulation basé sur l'enquête Revenus Fiscaux 1998, tandis que l'estimation de la censure au SMIC utilise les données de l'enquête Emploi 1997. Il ressort des estimations effectuées sur les personnes isolées que les modèles qui s'ajustent le mieux aux données sont ceux qui supposent une complémentarité stricte entre le risque de censure et le risque de refus d'accepter un travail. L'effet revenu existe et le loisir est un bien normal. Une augmentation de 10% du revenu disponible du Smicard sous forme de transferts se traduirait par un gain de probabilité d'emploi de l'ordre de 10%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00242960.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242960

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00242960/en/
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Related research

Keywords: Non-emploi; Estimation économétrique; SMIC; Incitations financières;

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References

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  1. N. Gravel & C. Hagneré & N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "Minima sociaux et offre de travail : Evaluation d'une réforme à l'aide d'un modèle de microsimulation dynamique," THEMA Working Papers 2000-52, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1994. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," CIRANO Working Papers 94s-23, CIRANO.
  3. Richard Blundell & Thomas MaCurdy, 1998. "Labour supply: a review of alternative approaches," IFS Working Papers W98/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanie, 2002. "Labour market institutions and employment in France," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 25-48.
  5. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
  6. Guy Laroque, 2005. "Income Maintenance and Labor Force Participation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 341-376, 03.
  7. Alain Trannoy & Michel Martinez & Cyrille Hagneré & Marc Fleurbaey, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 1-23.
  8. Alain Trannoy & Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
  9. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2001. "RMI et revenus du travail : une évaluation des gains financiers à l'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 103-122.
  10. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2002. "Temps partiel féminin et incitations financières à l'emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1127-1147.
  11. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  12. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-21, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Elena G. F. Stancanelli & Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Un bilan des études sur la Prime pour l'emploi," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 88(1), pages 17-41.
  2. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00202299 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2008. "Does work pay in France? Monetary incentives, hours constraints, and the guaranteed minimum income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(7), pages 1669-1697, July.

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