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New Challenges in Critical Infrastructures : A US Perspective

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  • Erwann Michel-Kerjan

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'econometrie de l'école polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7657 - Polytechnique - X)

Abstract

L'émergence d'un plus large spectre de vulnérabilités (terrorisme, sabotage, conflits locaux et catastrophes naturelles) et l'interdépendance croissante de l'activité économique rendent particulièrement vulnérables les grands réseaux vitaux des pays industrialisés. Pour y faire face, des actions importantes doivent être menées à une échelle nationale, en particulier par le développement de partenariats étroits entre le secteur public et la sphère privée.Cet article analyse l'initiative présidentielle lancée dès 1996 aux Etats-Unis -premier pays au monde à inscrire ces questions à l'agenda du plus haut niveau décisionnel- ainsi que la structure nationale de partenariats mis en place depuis lors. Une telle démarche pourrait constituer un point de départ pour d'autres pays désireux d'élaborer leur propre analyse de vulnérabilités et leur stratégie d'amélioration.Les événements du 11 septembre 2001, comme les attaques à l'anthrax, ont néanmoins montré que les avancées américaines ne constituaient qu'une première étape d'un processus plus global de préparation nationale; les infrastructures critiques des Etats-Unis demeurent hautement vulnérables. Enfin, plusieurs idées fausses, par trop souvent récurrentes, doivent être dépassées pour traiter beaucoup plus efficacement ces risques à grande échelle sur un plan international.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00242947.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242947

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00242947/en/
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Related research

Keywords: Partenariats public-privé; Risques à grande échelle; Infrastructures critiques; Nouvelles vulnérabilites; Sécurité nationale; Préparation collective;

References

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  1. Geoffrey Heal & Howard Kunreuther, 2003. "You Only Die Once: Managing Discrete Interdependent Risks," NBER Working Papers 9885, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Kunreuther, Howard & Heal, Geoffrey, 2003. " Interdependent Security," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 26(2-3), pages 231-49, March-May.
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Cited by:
  1. Olivier Godard, 2003. "Revisiting the precautionary principle under the light of 2002-2003 French and international events," Working Papers hal-00242979, HAL.
  2. Howard Kunreuther & Erwann Michel-Kerjan & Beverly Porter, 2003. "Assessing, Managing, and Financing Extreme Events: Dealing with Terrorism," NBER Working Papers 10179, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Erwann Michel-Kerjan, 2004. "Terrorisme à grande échelle : partage de risques et politiques publiques," Working Papers hal-00242918, HAL.

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