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Les étudiants anticipent-ils correctement la valeur de leur diplôme sur le marché du travail ?

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Author Info

  • Claire Bonnard

    ()
    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne, CLERSE - Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques - CNRS : UMR8019 - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies)

  • Jean-François Giret

    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Marielle Lambert-Le Mener

    (IREDU - Institut de recherche sur l'éducation : Sociologie et Economie de l'Education - CNRS : FRE3497 - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Ce travail analyse la manière dont les étudiants de première année d'université anticipent leurs salaires futurs, puis compare ces salaires à ceux qu'ils peuvent réellement observer sur le marché du travail. Nos résultats montrent globalement une surestimation des salaires anticipés d'environ 9 pour cent en début de carrière, ce qui est cohérent avec des travaux réalisés dans d'autres pays. En revanche, les salaires anticipés après dix ans de carrières sont supérieurs de 28 pour cent aux salaires observés des diplômés à ancienneté comparable. Les résultats soulignent également l'importance de l'environnement familial lors du choix des études supérieures. Les salaires anticipés vont être plus élevés lorsque les parents vont s'intéresser à l'orientation de leurs enfants, lorsqu'ils seront d'accord avec leur projet scolaire et lorsque la profession du père est liée avec le projet scolaire des parents. Enfin, nous soulignons l'importance de l'effet des variables cognitives qui sont en, général, beaucoup plus significatives que les variables liées au passé scolaire.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00815912.

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Date of creation: Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00815912

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00815912
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Related research

Keywords: Anticipation ; Estimation ; Salaire ; Jeune ; Étudiant ; Enseignement supérieur ; Marché du travail ; Effet ; Aspiration professionnelle ; Aspiration scolaire ; Compétence cognitive;

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References

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  1. César Alonso-Borrego & Antonio Romero-Medina, 2008. "Students' assessment of higher education in Spain," Economics Working Papers we084823, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Guido Heineck & Silke Anger, 2008. "The Returns to Cognitive Abilities and Personality Traits in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 836, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Streufert, Peter, 2000. " The Effect of Underclass Social Isolation on Schooling Choice," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 2(4), pages 461-82.
  4. Wolter, Stefan C, 2000. "Wage Expectations: A Comparison of Swiss and US Students," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 51-69.
  5. Charles F. Manski, 1993. "Adolescent Econometricians: How Do Youth Infer the Returns to Schooling?," NBER Chapters, in: Studies of Supply and Demand in Higher Education, pages 43-60 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Jeff Dominitz & Charles F. Manski, 1996. "Eliciting Student Expectations of the Returns to Schooling," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 1-26.
  7. Carvajal, Manuel J. & Bendana, David & Bozorgmanesh, Alireza & Castillo, Miguel A. & Pourmasiha, Katayoun & Rao, Priya & Torres, Juan A., 2000. "Inter-gender differentials between college students' earnings expectations and the experience of recent graduates," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 229-243, June.
  8. Giorgio Brunello & Claudio Lucifora & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2004. "The Wage Expectations of European Business and Economics Students," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(4).
  9. Webbink, Dinand & Hartog, Joop, 2004. "Can students predict starting salaries? Yes!," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 103-113, April.
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