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Les plateformes d'innovation sur Internet : arrangements contractuels, intermédiation et gestion de la propriété intellectuelle

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  • Isabelle Liotard

    ()
    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7234)

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    Abstract

    L'innovation des entreprises passe depuis une période récente par de nouveaux canaux instaurés via Internet : les plateformes d'innovation. De telles structures d'intermédiation mettent en relation des entreprises en panne de solution pour leur R&D avec des internautes du monde entier (scientifiques, universitaires, chercheurs, retraités...). Le défi ainsi posté sur la plateforme est récompensé par une prime s'il est retenu. L'objet de l'article est d'analyser les arrangements contractuels qui sont à l'œuvre sur une plateforme spécifique (Innocentive), que ce soit en matière de propriété intellectuelle et de transferts de droit entre acteurs, ou d'aide et de supports techniques proposés à l'entreprise pour détecter les meilleurs solutions au défi. Il s'agit également de comprendre comment ces dispositifs répondent au problème d'asymétrie d'information et d'incertitude inhérent aux transferts de technologie, et largement mis en évidence dans la littérature économique.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00680366.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Publication status: Published, Management International, 2012, 16, numéro spécial, canada
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00680366

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    Keywords: innovation; plateforme d'innovation; propriété intellectuelle; licences; asymétrie d'information; intermédiation; Innocentive;

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    1. Valérie Chanal & Marie-Laurence Caron-Fasan, 2008. "How to invent a new business model based on crowdsourcing : the Crowdspirit ® case," Post-Print halshs-00486794, HAL.
    2. Inés MACHO-STADLER & David PEREZ-CASTRILLO, 1991. "Contrats de licences et asymétrie d'information," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 24, pages 189-208.
    3. Valérie Chanal & Marie-Laurence Caron-Fasan, 2008. "How to invent a new business model based on crowdsourcing: the Crowdspirit ® case," Post-Print halshs-00370761, HAL.
    4. Alberto Di Minin & Mario Benassi, 2008. "Playing In Between: Patents’ Brokers In Markets For Technology," Working Papers 200802, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa, Istituto di Management.
    5. Katharine E. Rockett, 1990. "Choosing the Competition and Patent Licensing," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 161-171, Spring.
    6. Bernard Guilhon, 2008. "Division du travail cognitif et quasi-marchés de la connaissance," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 59(2), pages 241-263.
    7. Éric Brousseau & Christian Bessy, 1997. "Brevet, protection et diffusion des connaissances : une relecture néo-institutionnelle des propriétés de la règle de droit," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 79(1), pages 233-254.
    8. Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Patent Licensing and R&D Rivalry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 25-30, May.
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