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Gender and Ethnicity in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala

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  • Carla Canelas

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Silvia Salazar

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Abstract

    In this article, we examine the structure of gender and ethnic wage gaps, and the distribution of both, paid and unpaid work in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala. The wage gap is assessed by quantile decomposition methods and the classical Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition. The determinants of hours allocated to paid and unpaid work activities between gender groups, are estimated by seemingly unrelated regressions. The results indicate that women are highly discriminated in the job market and undertake most of the domestic activities of the households. The indigenous population also suffers from discrimination, but the wage gap is mostly explained by the difference in endowments. The wider gap at the lower tail of the distribution suggest the presence of stickly floors effects for both, women and indigenous population.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00973891.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00973891

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00973891
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    Related research

    Keywords: Discrimination; ethnicity; gender; time-use;

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