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Cluster Policies and Firm Selection: Evidence from France

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Author Info

  • Lionel Fontagné

    ()
    (CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, Department of Economics - European University Institute)

  • Pamina Koenig

    (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA))

  • Florian Mayneris

    ()
    (UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain - Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) - Belgique, CORE - Center of Operation Research and Econometrics [Louvain] - Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) - Belgique)

  • Sandra Poncet

    ()
    (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

In this paper, we shed light on the selection of the benefi ciaries from the French competitiveness cluster policy which was launched in 2005 and extended to 2012. We disentangle the selection and self-selection eff ects, as emphasized in the theoretical literature on regional and industrial policy. Our main conclusion is that winners were (self-)selected at both steps of the procedure, and that this holds for the three cluster types: worldwide clusters , potentially worldwide clusters and national clusters . We thus provide a methodology which allows us to contrast the e ffective outcomes of the selection process and the official objectives of cluster policies in terms of targeting, and which thus helps in their econometric evaluation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00975554.

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Date of creation: 09 Dec 2013
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Publication status: Published, Journal of Regional Science, 2013, 53, 5, 897-922
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00975554

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00975554
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Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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Keywords: Competitiveness; clusters; international trade; fi rm selection;

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Cited by:
  1. Philippe MARTIN & Thierry MAYER & Florian MAYNERIS, 2013. "Are clusters more resilient in crises? Evidence from French exporters in 2008-2009," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013026, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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