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Cluster Policies and Firm Selection: Evidence from France

Listed author(s):
  • Lionel Fontagné

    ()

    (CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, PSE - Paris School of Economics, Department of Economics - European University Institute, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pamina Koenig

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Florian Mayneris

    ()

    (UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain, CORE - Center of Operation Research and Econometrics [Louvain] - UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Sandra Poncet

    ()

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

In this paper, we shed light on the selection of the benefi ciaries from the French competitiveness cluster policy which was launched in 2005 and extended to 2012. We disentangle the selection and self-selection eff ects, as emphasized in the theoretical literature on regional and industrial policy. Our main conclusion is that winners were (self-)selected at both steps of the procedure, and that this holds for the three cluster types: worldwide clusters , potentially worldwide clusters and national clusters . We thus provide a methodology which allows us to contrast the e ffective outcomes of the selection process and the official objectives of cluster policies in terms of targeting, and which thus helps in their econometric evaluation.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" with number hal-00975554.

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Date of creation: 09 Dec 2013
Publication status: Published in Journal of Regional Science, Wiley, 2013, 53 (5), pp.897-922. 〈10.1111/jors.12050〉
Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00975554
DOI: 10.1111/jors.12050
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00975554
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