Intra-firm trade and European integration: Evidences from the French multinational agribusiness
AbstractThis paper aims firstly to determine the factors that lead multinational firms to internalise their international exchanges and secondly to analyse the impact of the implementation of the European Single Market on their strategies. This study is based on the “Industrial Globalisation” survey conducted by the French statistics institutes in 1993 and in 1999. With regard to French agro-food trade, the results show that there has been an increase in intra-firm trade within the EU borders and the European MNEs’ networks. The main determinants of intra-firm trade are the firms’ need to generate economies of scale and to protect and exploit their “firm-specific advantages” related to the technology and to the nature of the product. The model not only reveals the groups’ strategy to penetrate the EU markets and to bypass borders, but it also sheds light on the role and the development of intra regional networks of subsidiaries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2006-24.
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Intra-firm trade; Agro-food industry; Single market; Multinational firms;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
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