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Intra-firm trade and European integration: Evidences from the French multinational agribusiness

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  • CHEVASSUS-LOZZA Emmanuelle
  • GALLIANO Danielle

Abstract

This paper aims firstly to determine the factors that lead multinational firms to internalise their international exchanges and secondly to analyse the impact of the implementation of the European Single Market on their strategies. This study is based on the “Industrial Globalisation” survey conducted by the French statistics institutes in 1993 and in 1999. With regard to French agro-food trade, the results show that there has been an increase in intra-firm trade within the EU borders and the European MNEs’ networks. The main determinants of intra-firm trade are the firms’ need to generate economies of scale and to protect and exploit their “firm-specific advantages” related to the technology and to the nature of the product. The model not only reveals the groups’ strategy to penetrate the EU markets and to bypass borders, but it also sheds light on the role and the development of intra regional networks of subsidiaries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2006-24.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2006-24

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Web page: http://gres.u-bordeaux4.fr/
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Keywords: Intra-firm trade; Agro-food industry; Single market; Multinational firms;

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  1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2001. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 8079, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Grossman, Gene & Helpman, Elhanan & Szeidl, Adam, 2004. "Optimal Integration: Strategies for the Multinational Firm," CEPR Discussion Papers 4477, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Thierry Mayer & Keith Head, 2002. "Effet frontière, intégration économique et « Forteresse Europe »," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 71-92.
  4. R Rama, 1999. "Innovation and profitability of global food firms. Testing for differences in the influence of the home base," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(4), pages 735-751, April.
  5. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
  6. John H. Dunning & Peter Robson, 1987. "Multinational Corporate Integration and Regional Economic Integration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 103-125, December.
  7. Amable, Bruno, 2003. "The Diversity of Modern Capitalism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199261147.
  8. James R. Markusen, 1995. "The Boundaries of Multinational Enterprises and the Theory of International Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 169-189, Spring.
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