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Intra-firm trade in the context of European integration: evidence from the French multinational agribusiness

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  • Emmanuelle Chevassus-Lozza

    (National Institute of Agronomic Research, INRA, UR1134, rue de laGéraudière, BP 1627, 44316 Nantes Cdx 03. France)

  • Danielle Galliano

    (INRA, UR 0685, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan, France)

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    Abstract

    This article identifies the factors that lead multinational firms to internalize their international exchanges and aims to determine the impact of the implementation of the Single European Market on firms' strategies. We analyze the interaction between the microeconomic characteristics of firms and those of their environment because this interaction determines a multinational firm's decision to internalize trade. The empirical work is based on the 'industrial globalization' survey conducted by the French statistics institutes in 1993 and 1999. With regard to the French agri-food trade, there has been an increase in intra-firm (IFT) trade within the EU-15 borders and the European multinational networks. The main determinants of intra-firm trade are the firms' need to generate economies of scale and to protect and exploit their 'firm-specific advantages' related to the technology and nature of the product. The model sheds light on the role and the development of intra-regional networks of subsidiaries. [JEL classifications: F10, F14, F23]. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 128-143

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:25:y:2009:i:1:p:128-143

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    Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1520-6297

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    1. Sourafel Girma & Holger Görg, 2003. "Outsourcing, Foreign Ownership and Productivity: Evidence from UK Establishment Level Data," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 361, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. John H Dunning, 1988. "The Eclectic Paradigm of International Production: A Restatement and Some Possible Extensions," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(1), pages 1-31, March.
    3. Grossman, Gene & Helpman, Elhanan & Szeidl, Adam, 2004. "Optimal Integration: Strategies for the Multinational Firm," CEPR Discussion Papers 4477, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    7. Emmanuelle Chevassus-Lozza & Danielle Galliano & Jacques Gallezot, 1999. "Exportations intra-firme ou directes : une alternative pour les firmes multinationales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 326(1), pages 97-112.
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    11. Konrad, Kai A. & Erik Lommerud, Kjell, 2001. "Foreign direct investment, intra-firm trade and ownership structure," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 475-494, March.
    12. Millington, Andrew & Bayliss, Brian, 1996. "Corporate integration and market liberalisation in the EU," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 139-150, April.
    13. Chevassus-Lozza & Gallezot & Galliano, 1999. "Exportations intra-firme ou directes : une alternative pour les firmes multinationales," Working Papers 156425, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
    14. John H. Dunning & Peter Robson, 1987. "Multinational Corporate Integration and Regional Economic Integration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 103-125, December.
    15. Emmanuelle Chevassus-Lozza & Danielle Galliano, 2003. "Local Spillovers, Firm Organization and Export Behaviour: Evidence from the French Food Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 147-158.
    16. Andersson, Thomas & Fredriksson, Torbjorn, 2000. "Distinction between intermediate and finished products in intra-firm trade," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 773-792, July.
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