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Food Consumption and Demographics in Japan: Implications for an Aging Population

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  • Mauricio V. L. Bittencourt

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

  • Ratapol P. Teratanavat

    ()

  • Wen S. Chern

    ()
    (Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics, Ohio State University)

Abstract

This study estimates a cross-sectional model based on the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) to examine the determinants of food consumption patterns in Japan over life-cycle periods. The test of structural changes, the analysis of the effects of demographic characteristics, and the estimation of expenditure and price elasticities are conducted from a random sample of 1,281 households from a Japanese household survey in 1997. Results show that each economic or non-economic factor has a different impact on food consumption over a lifetime. Changes in consumption of some food groups can be explained by price and income effects where others can be explained by demographic characteristics. Financial constraint is not binding and residential location is likely to have little or no impact on predicting consumers’ food choices at different periods of their lives. Other key factors that affect consumption pattern include family size, number of children, lifestyle and health concern.

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File URL: http://www.economiaetecnologia.ufpr.br/textos_discussao/texto_para_discussao_ano_2005_texto_22.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0026.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fup:wpaper:0026

Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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Keywords: Japan; Food Demand; Life-Cycle; AIDS; Household;

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References

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  1. Singh, Balvir & Drost, Helmar & Kumar, Ramesh C, 1978. "An Empirical Evaluation of the Relative, the Permanent Income, and the Life-Cycle Hypotheses," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 281-305, January.
  2. Junko Kinoshita & Nobuhiro Suzuki & Tamotsu Kawamura & Yasuhito Watanabe & Harry M. Kaiser, 2001. "Estimating own and cross brand price elasticities, and price-cost margin ratios using store-level daily scanner data," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 515-525.
  3. Yasuhito Watanabe & Nobuhiro Suzuki & Harry M. Kaiser, 1997. "Identifying consumer characteristics associated with Japanese preferences toward milk products," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 357-363.
  4. Frank Asche & Cathy R. Wessells, 1997. "On Price Indices in the Almost Ideal Demand System," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(4), pages 1182-1185.
  5. Richard Blundell & Martin Browning & Costas Meghir, 1993. "Consumer demand and the life-cycle allocation of household expenditures," IFS Working Papers W93/11, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Lewbel, Arthur, 1989. "Nesting the AIDS and Translog Demand System," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 30(2), pages 349-56, May.
  7. Martin Browning & Lars Peter Hansen & James J. Heckman, 1999. "Micro Data and General Equilibrium Models," Discussion Papers 99-10, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  8. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-87, December.
  9. Aaron J. Johnson & Catherine A. Durham & Cathy R. Wessells, 1998. "Seasonality in Japanese household demand for meat and seafood," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 337-351.
  10. Taniguchi, Kiyoshi & Chern, Wen S., 2000. "Income Elasticity Of Rice Demand In Japan And Its Implications: Cross-Sectional Data Analysis," 2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL 21755, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  11. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-26, June.
  12. Deaton, Angus S & Paxson, Christina H, 1998. "Aging and Inequality in Income and Health," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 248-53, May.
  13. Yasuhito Watanabe & Nobuhiro Suzuki & Harry M. Kaiser, 1999. "Predicting Japanese dairy consumption behavior using qualitative survey data," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 71-79.
  14. Martin Browning & Thomas F. Crossley, 2001. "The lifecycle model of consumption and saving," IFS Working Papers W01/15, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  15. Blundell, Richard & Walker, Ian, 1984. "A Household Production Specification of Demographic Variables in Demand Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(376a), pages 59-68, Supplemen.
  16. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1980. "Comparison of the Quadratic Expenditure System and Translog Demand Systems with Alternative Specifications of Demographic Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 595-612, April.
  17. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 2000. "Growth and Saving Among Individuals and Households," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(2), pages 212-225, May.
  18. Tokoyama, Yuki & Takagi, Shingo & Ishibashi, Kimiko & Chern, Wen S., 2002. "Recent Food Consumption Pattern Of Japanese Households: Driving Forces Behind Westernization," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19712, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  19. Browning, Martin, 1987. "Eating, Drinking, Smoking, and Testing the Lifecycle Hypothesis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 102(2), pages 329-45, May.
  20. Chalfant, James A & Alston, Julian M, 1988. "Accounting for Changes in Tastes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 391-410, April.
  21. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1981. "Demographic Variables in Demand Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1533-51, November.
  22. Mori, Hiroshi & Lowe, Everett G., III & Clason, Dennis L. & Gorman, William D., 2000. "Cohort Analysis Of Food Consumption: A Case Of Rapidly Changing Japanese Consumption," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 3(02).
  23. Wen S. Chern & Kimiko Ishibashi & Kiyoshi Taniguchi & Yuki Tokoyama, 2002. "Analysis of Food Consumption Behavior by Japanese Households," Working Papers 02-06, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
  24. Davis, Carlton George & Moussie, M. & Dinning, J.S. & Christakis, G.J., 1983. "Socioeconomic Determinants Of Food Expenditure Patterns Among Racially Different Low-Income Households: An Empirical Analysis," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 8(02), December.
  25. Kenneth C. Gehrt & Soyeon Shim, 1999. "The magnitude and nature of situational influence on Japanese snacking: The role of fruit," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 119-136.
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Cited by:
  1. Meng, Ting & Florkowski, Wojciech J. & Kolavalli, Shashidhara & Ibrahim, Mohammed, 2012. "Food Expenditures and Income in Rural Households in the Northern Region of Ghana," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124638, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  2. Meng, Ting & Florkowski, Wojciech J. & Sarpong, Daniel B. & Chinnan, Manjeet S. & Resurreccion, Anna V.A., 2014. "Consumer’s Food Shopping Choice in Ghana: Supermarket or Traditional Outlets?," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 17(A).

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