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Constraints to fertilizer use in Nigeria

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Author Info

  • Banful, Afua B.
  • Nkonya, Ephraim
  • Oboh, Victor

Abstract

Fertilizer consumption rates in Nigeria remains among the lowest in the world despite decades of aggressive subsidization. The extension service in Nigeria has a double-edged impact on fertilizer use in the country; not only can their activities increase farmers’ demand for fertilizer, but also the organizational framework of the service, Agricultural Development Programs, is the major source of fertilizer for farmers. To provide insights on the reasons for the low fertilizer use in Nigeria, this paper presents an analysis of the extension service as well as some perspectives of village extension agents. We find that the reach of the extension service is severely limited by low staff. The main technology transmitted is the use of improved seeds. Fertilizer technology is seldom transmitted and very rarely is irrigation taught. Furthermore, extension agents are found to have gaps in their knowledge of fertilizer technology. Extension agents routinely distribute agricultural inputs and many see their advisory role as secondary to this function. Extension agents identified the primary constraint to fertilizer use in Nigeria as the physical absence of the product at the time that it is needed, rather than lack of affordability or farmers’ lack of knowledge about the benefits or the use of fertilizer.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 1010.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1010

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Related research

Keywords: Agricultural growth and technologies; Extension; Fertilizer; Subsidies;

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References

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  1. Minot, Nicholas & Benson, Todd, 2009. "Fertilizer subsidies in Africa: Are vouchers the answer?," Issue briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 60, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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Cited by:
  1. Mason, Nicole M. & Jayne, Thomas S., 2012. "Fertilizer Subsidies and Smallholder Commercial Fertilizer Purchases: Crowding out, Leakage, and Policy Implications for Zambia," Food Security Collaborative Policy Briefs, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics 146933, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  2. Takeshima, Hiroyuki & Nkonya, Ephraim M. & Deb, Sayon, 2012. "Impact of fertilizer subsidies on the commercial fertilizer sector in Nigeria:: Evidence from previous fertilizer subsidy schemes," NSSP working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 23, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Liverpool-Tasie, Lenis Saweda, 2012. "Did using input vouchers improve the distribution of subsidized fertilizer in Nigeria?: The case of Kano and Taraba states," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1231, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. World Bank, 2011. "Improving Governance for Scaling up SLM in Mali," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2751, The World Bank.
  5. Liverpool-Tasie, Saweda & Olaniyan, Babatunde & Salau, Sheu & Sackey, James, 2010. "A review of fertilizer policy issues in Nigeria:," NSSP working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 19, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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