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Gender anomalies in Stated Preference surveys – Are biases really gender dependent?

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Author Info

  • Jacob Ladenburg

    ()
    (Danish Institute of Governmental Research)

  • Søren Bøye Olsen

    ()
    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a North-South endogenous growth model to examine thrThe potential for a number of common but severe biases in stated preference method surveys being gender dependent has been largely overlooked in the literature. In this paper we summarize results from three Choice Experiment studies that find evidence in favor of gender differences in vulnerability to biases. Specifically, the results indicate that women are more susceptible to starting point bias than men, while men are more susceptible to hypothetical bias than women. This seems to be interrelated with women inherently being more uncertain than men when choosing from a choice set. Furthermore, we set up a novel theoretical model, which provides an explanation for gender specific susceptibility to biases. We conclude that biases can indeed be gender dependent. Hence, researchers should not simply disregard potential gender differences, but rather take them into account and examine the extent of them when performing surveys. Finally, we give suggestions for future research in this area.

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File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2010/WP_2010_01_gender_anomalies.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2010/1.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: May 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2010_01

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Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/english/
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Related research

Keywords: Choice Experiment; Gender; Hypothetical bias; Preference Uncertainty; Starting point bias;

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  1. Andersson, Henrik & Svensson, Mikael, 2007. "Cognitive Ability and Scale Bias in the Contingent Valuation Method," Working Papers, Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI) 2007:1, Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI).
  2. Alberini, Anna & Boyle, Kevin & Welsh, Michael, 2003. "Analysis of contingent valuation data with multiple bids and response options allowing respondents to express uncertainty," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 40-62, January.
  3. Aadland, David & Caplan, Arthur J., 2006. "Cheap talk reconsidered: New evidence from CVM," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(4), pages 562-578, August.
  4. James Andreoni & Lise Vesterlund, 2001. "Which Is The Fair Sex? Gender Differences In Altruism," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(1), pages 293-312, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Achtnicht, Martin, 2012. "German car buyers' willingness to pay to reduce CO2 emissions," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 09-058 [rev.], ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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