Local price variation and labor supply behavior
AbstractIn standard economic theory, labor supply decisions depend on the complete set of prices: the wage and the prices of relevant consumption goods. Nonetheless, most of theoretical and empirical work ignores prices other than wages when studying labor supply. The question we address in this paper is whether the common practice of ignoring local price variation in labor supply studies is as innocuous as has generally been assumed. We describe a simple model to demonstrate that the effects of wage and non-labor income on labor supply will typically differ by location. We show, in particular, the derivative of the labor supply with respect to non-labor income will be independent of price only when labor supply takes a form based on an implausible separability condition. Empirical evidence demonstrates that the effect of price on labor supply is not a simple "up-or down shift" that would be required to meet the separability condition in our key proposition.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in its series Working Papers with number 2008-016.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Dan Black & Natalia Kolesnikova & Lowell J. Taylor, 2008. "Local price variation and labor supply behavior," Regional Economic Development, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Oct, pages 2-14.
- Dan A. Black & Natalia Kolesnikova & Lowell J. Taylor, 2009. "Local price variation and labor supply behavior," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 613-626.
- NEP-ALL-2008-07-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2008-07-14 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2008-07-14 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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