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Why do so few women work in New York (and so many in Minneapolis)? Labor supply of married women across US cities

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Author Info

  • Black, Dan A.
  • Kolesnikova, Natalia
  • Taylor, Lowell J.

Abstract

This paper documents a little-noticed feature of US labor markets—very large variation in the labor supply of married women across cities. We focus on cross-city differences in commuting times as a potential explanation for this variation. We start with a model in which commuting times introduce non-convexities into the budget set. Empirical evidence is consistent with the model’s predictions: Labor force participation rates of married women are negatively correlated with the metropolitan area commuting time. Also, metropolitan areas with larger increases in average commuting time in 1980–2000 had slower growth in the labor force participation of married women.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 79 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 59-71

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:79:y:2014:i:c:p:59-71

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

Related research

Keywords: Female labor supply; Local labor markets; Commute time; Non-convex budget sets;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Fu, Shihe & Viard, Brian, 2014. "Commute Costs and Labor Supply: Evidence from a Satellite Campus," MPRA Paper 53740, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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