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International Migration and the Propagation of HIV in Sub- Saharan Africa

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  • Frédéric DOCQUIER

    ()
    (Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Chrysovalantis VASILAKIS

    (FERDI)

  • D. TAMFUTU MUNSI

    (FERDI)

Abstract

In this paper, we identify and quantify the role of international migration in the propagation of HIV across sub-Saharan African countries. We use panel data on bilateral migration flows and HIV prevalence rates covering 44 countries after 1990. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity, reverse causality, reflection issues, incorrect treatment of country fixed effects and spatial auto-correlation, we find evidence of a highly robust emigration-induced propagation mechanism. On the contrary, immigration has no significant effect. Numerical experiments reveal that the long-run effect of emigration accounts for more than 4 percent of the number of HIV cases in 15 countries (and more than 20 percent in 6 countries).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FERDI in its series Working Papers with number P89.

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Date of creation: Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:fdi:wpaper:1354

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Cited by:
  1. Frédéric DOCQUIER & Chrysovalantis VASILAKIS & D. TAMFUTU MUNSI, 2011. "International Migration and the Propagation of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011038, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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