Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

El diferencial entre las tasas de desempleo de hombres y mujeres en Argentina

Contents:

Author Info

  • Ana Carolina Ortega Masagué

Abstract

En los años noventa el diferencial entre las tasas de desempleo femenina y masculina en Argentina aumentó de forma notable. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar las causas por las que las mujeres, una vez que deciden participar en el mercado de trabajo, tienen menor probabilidad de estar empleadas que los hombres. Al descomponer el diferencial entre las probabilidades medias de estar desempleado se obtiene que mientras las mujeres poseen mejores características productivas, los hombres obtienen mayores rendimientos de ellas. Los resultados indican también que la mayor tasa de desempleo de las mujeres responde a su mayor probabilidad de dejar el empleo para transitar hacia la inactividad y a su menor probabilidad de encontrar empleo si están desocupadas. Sin embargo, los flujos relacionados con la inactividad son similares a los flujos directos entre el empleo y el desempleo. Como consecuencia, se estiman las tasas de salida del empleo y del desempleo, ignorando los flujos relacionados con la inactividad. Por un lado, se encuentra que la probabilidad de transitar del empleo al desempleo es inferior para las mujeres que para los hombres, lo que se explica por diferencias en las características de ambos grupos. Por otro lado, se encuentra que la probabilidad de transitar del desempleo al empleo es mayor entre los hombres, lo que se debe casi exclusivamente a que los efectos que se derivan para hombres y mujeres de unas mismas características son distintos.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://documentos.fedea.net/pubs/dt/2006/dt-2006-08.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2006-08.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: May 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2006-08

Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.fedea.net

Related research

Keywords:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," CEP Discussion Papers dp0637, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Jana Stefanová Lauerová & Katherine Terrell, 2002. "Explaining Gender Differences in Unemployment with Micro Data on Flows in Post-Communist Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 506, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Dolado, Juan J. & Felgueroso, Florentino & Jimeno, Juan Francisco, 2002. "Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender: A Look Across the Atlantic," CEPR Discussion Papers 3421, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Yun, Myeong-Su, 2003. "Decomposing Differences in the First Moment," IZA Discussion Papers 877, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Olympia Bover & Manuel Arellano & Samuel Bentolila, 2002. "Unemployment Duration, Benefit Duration and the Business Cycle," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 223-265, April.
  6. Galiani, Sebastián & Hopenhayn, Hugo A., 2001. "Duration and Risk of Unemployment in Argentina," Center for International and Development Economics Research, Working Paper Series qt6ff15175, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  7. Ghazala Azmat & Maia Güell & Alan Manning, 2004. "Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries," CEP Discussion Papers dp0607, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  8. Larry DeBoer & Michael C. Seeborg, 1989. "The unemployment rates of men and women: A transition probability analysis," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 42(3), pages 404-414, April.
  9. Joseph G. Altonji & Rebecca M. Blank, . "Race and Gender in the Labor Market," IPR working papers 98-18, Institute for Policy Resarch at Northwestern University.
  10. John C. Ham & Jan Svejnar & Katherine Terrell, 1999. "Women's unemployment during transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(1), pages 47-78, March.
  11. Federico Cerimedo, 2004. "Duración del Desempleo y Ciclo Económico en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 053, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  12. Johnson, Janet L, 1983. "Sex Differentials in Unemployment Rates: A Case for No Concern," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(2), pages 293-303, April.
  13. Sebasti=E1n Galiani & Hugo A. Hopenhayn, 2001. "Duration and Risk of Unemployment in Argentina," Labor and Demography 0012002, EconWPA.
  14. Hugo A. Hopenhayn, 2001. "Labor Market Policies and Employment Duration: The Effects of Labor Market Reform in Argentina," Research Department Publications 3106, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  15. Saavedra, Luz A., 2001. "Female wage inequality in Latin American labor markets," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2741, The World Bank.
  16. Federico Cerimedo, 2004. "Duración del Desempleo y Ciclo Económico en la Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0008, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  17. Carola Pessino & Luis Andrés, 2000. "La Dinámica Laboral en el Gran Buenos Aires y sus implicaciones para la Política Laboral y Social," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 173, Universidad del CEMA.
  18. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
  19. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041162, May.
  20. Jenkins, Stephen P, 1995. "Easy Estimation Methods for Discrete-Time Duration Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 129-38, February.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Ana Iturriza & Arjun S. Bedi & Robert Sparrow, 2011. "Unemployment Assistance and Transition to Employment in Argentina," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages 811 - 837.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2006-08. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carmen Arias).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.