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Uso de Energía en Economías Exportadoras de Petróleo

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  • Claudia S. Gómez-López
  • Luis A. Puch

Abstract

En esta investigación se estudia la respuesta (sensibilidad) del uso de la energía ante variaciones estocásticas en el precio internacional de una cesta de energéticos para economías en desarrollo y exportadoras de petróleo. Está ampliamente estudiado y documentado que durante la década de los setenta, los cambios en el precio de la energía tuvieron consecuencias en el uso de la energía para los países miembros de la OCDE. La evidencia empírica indica que el uso de energía no es sensible ante variaciones en los precios internacionales de la energía cuando se utilizan datos de series de tiempo, sin embargo, si hay respuesta en el uso de la energía con datos de corte transversal. Se ha utilizado teoría del crecimiento no estándar para mostrar esta evidencia. En este trabajo, se explora esta evidencia para una economía exportadora de petróleo. Se demuestra que el mismo modelo que es capaz de explicar los patrones de uso, gasto y precio de la energía para países desarrollados e importadores de energía, es capaz de hacerlo para una economía productora y exportadora de energía.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Economic Reports with number 24-08.

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Date of creation: Oct 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:24-08

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  1. Backus, David K. & Crucini, Mario J., 2000. "Oil prices and the terms of trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 185-213, February.
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  8. Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1994. "Models of Energy Use: Putty-Putty versus Putty-Clay," NBER Working Papers 4833, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Berndt, Ernst R & Wood, David O, 1975. "Technology, Prices, and the Derived Demand for Energy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(3), pages 259-68, August.
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