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L'effet de l'allocation unique dégressive sur la reprise d'emploi

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  • B. Dormont
  • D. Fougère
  • A. Prieto

Abstract

[eng] The effect of the unemployment benefits time curve on the rate of return to work by job seekers is studied based on a comparison of two successive regulations. The rules in force from 1986 to 1992, before the introduction of the Single Degressive Benefit (SDB), provided for a single drop in the level of benefits. The SDB introduced in 1992, however, provides for steady decreases in benefits. . The duration model estimates show that, under the pre-1992 system, the return-to-work rate rose sharply towards the end of the full-rate benefits period. This finding holds mainly for the job seekers with the highest past wages. The introduction of the SDB levelled off the return-to-work rate time curve. The estimated highly significant deviation between the probabilities of remaining unemployed under the old and new system is only partly ascribable to macroeconomic variations. There remains a difference that can be explained by the change in benefits time curves. In other words, the type of degression implemented from 1992 to 1996 probably slowed down the return to work. [spa] El efecto del perfil económico temporal de la indemnización del paro sobre la tasa de la vuelta al empleo de los parados se hace patente al comparar dos reglamentaciones sucesivas. La reglamentación que se ha dado de 1986 a 1992, antes de la introducción del subsidio único degresivo (AUD), se caracteriza por una única baja del nivel de indemnización, mientras que el AUD introducido en 1992 preve unas bajas regulares de su monto. . Las estimaciones llevadas a cabo a partir de modelos de duración, muestran que en la reglamentación de antes de 1992 la tasa de vuelta al empleo aumenta con creces cuando se acerca el fin del periodo de indemnización a plena tasa. Este resultado es valedero esencialmente para aquellos desempleados cuyos salarios antes del paro eran los más altos. La introducción del AUD ha borrado el perfil temporal de las tasas de vuelta al empleo. La diferencia bastante fue

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Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2001-05.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2001-05

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  1. Lawrence F. Katz & Bruce D. Meyer, 1988. "The Impact of the Potential Duration of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 2741, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Baker, Michael & Melino, Angelo, 2000. "Duration dependence and nonparametric heterogeneity: A Monte Carlo study," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 357-393, June.
  3. Dale T. Mortensen, 1977. "Unemployment insurance and job search decisions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 505-517, July.
  4. Holmlund, Bertil, 1998. " Unemployment Insurance in Theory and Practice," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 100(1), pages 113-41, March.
  5. Ana Prieto, 2000. "L'impact de la dégressivité des allocations chômage sur le taux de reprise d'emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 523-534.
  6. Hopenhayn, Hugo A & Nicolini, Juan Pablo, 1997. "Optimal Unemployment Insurance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 412-38, April.
  7. Bruce D. Meyer, 1988. "Unemployment Insurance And Unemployment Spells," NBER Working Papers 2546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Steven Shavell & Laurence Weiss, 1978. "The Optimal Payment of Unemployment Insurance Benefits over Time," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 503, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  9. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
  10. Ana Prieto, 2000. "L'impact de la dégressivité des allocations chômage sur le taux de reprise d'emploi," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 523-534.
  11. Moffitt, Robert & Nicholson, Walter, 1982. "The Effect of Unemployment Insurance on Unemployment: The Case of Federal Supplemental Benefits," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(1), pages 1-11, February.
  12. Narendranathan, Wiji & Nickell, Stephen, 1985. "Modelling the process of job search," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 29-49, April.
  13. Carling, K. & Holmlund, B. & Vejsiu, A., 1999. "Do Benefit Cuts Boost Job Findings? Swedish Evidence from the 1990s," Papers 1999:20, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  14. Imbens, G W, 1994. "Transition Models in a Non-stationary Environment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(4), pages 703-20, November.
  15. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(3), pages 347-68, September.
  16. Joel L. Horowitz, 1999. "Semiparametric Estimation of a Proportional Hazard Model with Unobserved Heterogeneity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(5), pages 1001-1028, September.
  17. Bonnal, Liliane & Fougere, Denis & Serandon, Anne, 1997. "Evaluating the Impact of French Employment Policies on Individual Labour Market Histories," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 683-713, October.
  18. Lancaster, Tony & Chesher, Andrew, 1983. "An Econometric Analysis of Reservation Wages," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(6), pages 1661-76, November.
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