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Education and Unemployment: A French-German Comparison

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  • Lauer, Charlotte
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    Abstract

    This paper analyses the link between educational attainment and unemployment risk in a French-German comparison, based on a discrete time competing risks hazard rate model applied to comparable microdata sets. The unemployment risk is broken down into the risk of entering unemployment and the risk, once unemployed, of not getting reemployed. The paper examines the impact of education on both risk components. France faces a higher unemployment rate than West-Germany, due to a higher risk of entering unemployment whereas the risk, when unemployed, of not getting reemployed is lower than in Germany. The risk of entering unemployment is particularly high for French employees with poor education, but higher education graduates face a higher risk of getting unemployed in Germany than in France. Concerning the reemployment prospects of the unemployed, they are better in France than in West-Germany at all education levels, but particularly for the unemployed with a low education level. The effect of education on both risk components does not differ significantly across genders, all else equal. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 03-34.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1344

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    Related research

    Keywords: Education; unemployment; hazard rate model;

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    1. Jennifer Hunt, 1999. "Determinants of Non-employment and Unemployment Durations in East Germany," NBER Working Papers 7128, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Heckman, James J. & Singer, Burton, 1984. "Econometric duration analysis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 63-132.
    3. Jenkins, Stephen P, 1995. "Easy Estimation Methods for Discrete-Time Duration Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 129-38, February.
    4. Anna Cristina D'Addio, 1998. "Unemployment Durations of French Young People: the Impact of Individual, Family and other Factors on the Hazard Rate," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-069/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Denis Fougère & Liliane Bonnal, 1990. "Les déterminants individuels de la durée du chômage," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 96(5), pages 45-82.
    6. B. Dormont & D. Fougère & A. Prieto, 2001. "L'effet de l'allocation unique dégressive sur la reprise d'emploi," THEMA Working Papers 2001-05, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    7. Stefan Lollivier & Chantal Cases, 1994. "Estimation d'un modèle de sortie de chômage à destinations multiples," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 177-187.
    8. Michael Baker & Angelo Melino, 1999. "Duration Dependence and Nonparametric Heterogeneity: A Monte Carlo Study," Working Papers melino-99-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:
    1. Elke Lüdemann & Ralf Wilke & Xuan Zhang, 2006. "Censored quantile regressions and the length of unemployment periods in West Germany," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 1003-1024, November.
    2. Ralf A. Wilke, 2005. "New Extimates of the Duration and Risk of Unemployment for West-Germany," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(2), pages 207-237.
    3. Bernd Fitzenberger & Alfred Garloff, 2008. "Unemployment, Labor Market Transitions, And Residual Wage Dispersion," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 55(5), pages 561-590, November.
    4. Dragana Djurdjevic, 2003. "Unemployment and under-employment: the case of Switzerland," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2003 2003-18, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
    5. Alfonso Alba Ramirez & Jose Maria Arranz-Munoz & Fernando Munoz-Bullon, 2006. "Exits from unemployment: recall or new job," Business Economics Working Papers wb060301, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
    6. Alfonso Alba-Ramirez & Jose Maria Arranz Muñoz & Fernando Muñoz-Bullon, 2006. "Unemployment Duration, Unemployment Benefits And Recalls," Business Economics Working Papers wb066218, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
    7. Ammermueller, Andreas & Kuckulenz, Anja & Zwick, Thomas, 2009. "Aggregate unemployment decreases individual returns to education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 217-226, April.
    8. Weber, Andrea Maria, 2004. "Wann kehren junge Mütter auf den Arbeitsmarkt zurück? Eine Verweildaueranalyse für Deutschland," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-08, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    9. Agne Lauzadyte, 2007. "A Statistical Programme Assignment Model," Economics Working Papers 2007-18, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.

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