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Innovations in productivity and plant dynamics

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  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Facundo Piguillem

    ()

Abstract

La evidencia empírica reciente muestra que la dinámica de productividad de las plantas industriales es relevante para explicar el crecimiento económico. La entrada y salida de plantas y la reasignación de factores desde plantas menos eficientes hacia plantas más eficientes explica una parte sustancial de los cambios agregados en la productividad total de factores; esta, a su vez, es la principal fuente de cambio en el crecimiento agregado del producto. En este trabajo utilizamos un modelo de equilibrio general con plantas heterogéneas para analizar el efecto en la dinámica de plantas de perturbaciones en eficiencia idiosincrásicas y agregadas. Parametrizando el modelo para representar una economía en desarrollo, analizamos el efecto de estas perturbaciones en eficiencia sobre diversas variables macroeconómicas, descomponiendo los efectos agregado en su dimensión sectorial. Las simulaciones numéricas muestran que un modelo como el desarrollado en este trabajo permite aproximar las regularidades observadas. Este modelo, además, puede ser utilizado para responder preguntas específicas relacionadas tanto con el ciclo económico como con el nivel de ingreso de largo plazo.

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File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120040423105202.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 184.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:184

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Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/
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  1. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-50, September.
  2. Caballero, Ricardo J & Hammour, Mohamad L, 1996. "On the Timing and Efficiency of Creative Destruction," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 805-52, August.
  3. Jeffrey R. Campbell, 1997. "Computational Appendix to Entry, Exit, Embodied Technology, and Business Cycles," Technical Appendices campbell98, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  4. Lawrence J. Christiano, 1998. "Solving Dynamic Equilibrium Models by a Method of Undetermined Coefficients," NBER Technical Working Papers 0225, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Rogerson, Richard, 1988. "Indivisible labor, lotteries and equilibrium," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 3-16, January.
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  7. Sanghoon Ahn, 2001. "Firm Dynamics and Productivity Growth: A Review of Micro Evidence from OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 297, OECD Publishing.
  8. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  9. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
  10. Ricardo J. Caballero & Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, 1996. "Explaining Investment Dynamics in U.S. Manufacturing: A Generalized (S,s) Approach," Documentos de Trabajo 12, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  11. Julio J. Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1993. "Dynamic General Equilibrium Models with Imperfectly Competitive Product Markets," NBER Working Papers 4502, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Stephen L. Parente & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Barriers to Riches," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262661306, December.
  13. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
  14. Jeffrey R. Campbell, 1997. "Entry, Exit, Embodied Technology, and Business Cycles," NBER Working Papers 5955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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