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Aggregate Employment Fluctuations with Microeconomic Asymmetries

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  • Jonas D. M. Fisher
  • Jeffrey R. Campbell

Abstract

We provide a simple explanation for the observation from the U.S. manufacturing sector that the job destruction rate fluctuates more than the job creation rate. In our model, proportional plant-level costs of creating and destroying jobs cause shrinking plants to be more sensitive to aggregate shocks than growing plants. We describe circumstances in which this microeconomic asymmetry is preserved in the aggregate and show that it can account for much of the observed asymmetries in gross job flows. This is so even though we abstract from job matching frictions, incomplete contracts, and aggregate congestion effects.

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.90.5.1323
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 90 (2000)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Pages: 1323-1345

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:90:y:2000:i:5:p:1323-1345

Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.90.5.1323
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References

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  1. Caballero, Ricardo J & Engel, Eduardo M R A & Haltiwanger, John, 1997. "Aggregate Employment Dynamics: Building from Microeconomic Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(1), pages 115-37, March.
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  9. Jonas D. M. Fisher & Jeffrey R. Campbell, 2000. "Aggregate Employment Fluctuations with Microeconomic Asymmetries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1323-1345, December.
  10. repec:fth:coluec:465 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Hamermesh, Daniel S. & Hassink, Wolter H.J. & Ours, Jan C. van, 1994. "Job turnover and labor turnover : a taxonomy of employment dynamics," Serie Research Memoranda 0050, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
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  1. > Macroeconomics > Economic Fluctuations > Real Business Cycle Theory > Labor in RBC models
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