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Was the Late 19th Century a Golden Age of Racial Integration?

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  • David M. Frankel
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    Abstract

    Cutler, Glaeser, and Vigdor (JPE 1999) find evidence that the late 19th century was a period of relatively low residential segregation between blacks and whites. Segregation increased substantially from 1890 to 1940 and, despite falling since 1970, remained considerably higher in 1990 than in 1890. Their segregation measure is a weighted average of within-city segregation indices. It does not reflect segregation between cities, which fell sharply over the period as blacks moved from "ghetto cities" in the south to "ghettos within cities" in the north. We study a variety of segregation indices that reflect both within- and between-city segregation. With these improved measures, we find that segregation increased only slightly from 1890 to 1940. In addition, U.S. cities were less segregated in 1990 than in 1890

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings with number 167.

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    Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:ecm:nasm04:167

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    Keywords: segregation; race; ghettos;

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    References

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    1. David Frankel & Oscar Volij, 2005. "Measuring Segregation," Economic theory and game theory 017, Oscar Volij.
    2. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser, 1995. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," NBER Working Papers 5163, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Collins, Wiiliam J., 1997. "When the Tide Turned: Immigration and the Delay of the Great Black Migration," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 57(03), pages 607-632, September.
    4. Katherine M. O'Regan & John M. Quigley, 1997. "Teenage Employment and the Spatial Isolation of Minority and Poverty Households," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm35, Yale School of Management.
    5. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 455-506, June.
    6. repec:cup:jechis:v:57:y:1997:i:03:p:607-632_01 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Galster, George C., 1987. "Residential segregation and interracial economic disparities: A simultaneous-equations approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 22-44, January.
    8. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-76, March.
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