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Why and where do headquarters move?

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  • Strauss-Kahn, Vanessa

    (INSEAD)

  • Vives, Xavier

    ()
    (IESE Business School)

Abstract

This paper analyzes decisions regarding the location of headquarters in the U.S. for the period 1996-2001. Using a unique firm-level database of about 30,000 U.S. headquarters, we study the firm and location-specific characteristics of headquarters that relocated over that period. Headquarters are increasingly concentrated in medium-sized service-oriented metropolitan areas, and the rate of relocation is significant (5% a year). Larger (in terms of sales) and younger headquarters tend to relocate more often, as do larger (in terms of the number of headquarters) and foreign firms, and firms that are the outcome of a merger. Headquarters relocate to metropolitan areas with good airport facilities with a dramatic impact, low corporate taxes, low average wages, high level of business services, same industry specialization, and agglomeration of headquarters in the same sector of activity, with all agglomeration variables having an important and significant impact.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IESE Business School in its series IESE Research Papers with number D/650.

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Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: 09 Feb 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0650

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Postal: IESE Business School, Av Pearson 21, 08034 Barcelona, SPAIN
Web page: http://www.iese.edu/
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Keywords: Agglomeration externalities; business services; communication costs; congestion; corporate history; mergers; nested logit;

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References

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