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The Spatial Organization of Multinational Firms

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  • Fabrice Defever

Abstract

This paper focuses on the ability of the labor market to correctly match heterogeneous workers to jobs within a given industry and the role that globalization plays in that process. Using matched worker-firm data from Sweden, we find strong evidence that openness improves the matching between workers and firms in export-oriented industries. This suggests that there may be significant gains from globalization that have not been identified in the past – globalization may improve the efficiency of the matching process in the labor market. On the other hand, we find no evidence that openness affects the degree of matching in import-competing industries. These results remain unchanged after adding controls for technical change at the industry level or measures of domestic anti-competitive regulations and product market competition. In addition, we find no evidence that technical change has any impact on the degree of matching at the industry level. Our results are also robust to alternative measures of the degree of matching, openness, or the trade status of an industry.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Nottingham, GEP in its series Discussion Papers with number 10/29.

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Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:10/29

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Related research

Keywords: Matching; Globalization; Firms; Workers; Multinational Enterprises; International Trade;

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  1. Strauss-Kahn, Vanessa & Vives, Xavier, 2006. "Why and where do headquarters move?," IESE Research Papers D/650, IESE Business School.
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Cited by:
  1. Nobuaki Yamashita & Toshiyuki Matsuura & Kentaro Nakajima, 2014. "Agglomeration effects of inter-firm backward and forward linkages: evidence from Japanese manufacturing investment in China," AJRC Working Papers 1401, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  2. Davide Castellani & Giulio Giangaspero & Antonello Zanfei, 2013. "Heterogeneity and distance. Some propositions on how differences across regions, firms and functions affect the role of distance in FDI location decisions," Working Papers 1308, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2013.
  3. Riccardo Crescenzi & Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2012. "Innovation Drivers, Value Chains and the Geography of Multinational Firms in European Regions," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 53, European Institute, LSE.
  4. Fabrice Defever & Benedikt Heid & Mario Larch, 2011. "Spatial Exporters," CESifo Working Paper Series 3672, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Nick Pantaleo & Finn Poschmann & Scott Wilkie, 2013. "Improving the Tax Treatment of Intellectual Property Income in Canada," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 379, April.
  6. Franz-Josef Bade & Eckhardt Bode & Eleonora Cutrini, 2012. "Spatial fragmentation of industries by functions," Working Papers 39-2012, Macerata University, Department of Studies on Economic Development (DiSSE), revised Feb 2012.

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