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Integrating Equality: Globalization, Women's Rights, and Human Trafficking

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  • Seo-Young Cho

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates whether globalization can improve women's rights. Using panel data from 150 countries over the 1981-2008 period, I find that social globalization positively affects women's economic and social rights. When controlling for social globalization however, economic globalization does not have any effect on women's rights. Despite the positive effect of (social) globalization on women's standing in a country, (marginalized) foreign women, proxied with inflows of human trafficking, are not beneficiaries of such 'female-friendly' globalization effects.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.405649.de/diw_econsec0069.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Economics of Security Working Paper Series with number 69.

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Length: 35 p.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diweos:diweos69

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Keywords: economic and social globalization; women¿s rights; human trafficking;

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  1. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
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  6. Axel Dreher & Martin Gassebner & Lars-H. R. Siemers, 2010. "Globalization, Economic Freedom and Human Rights," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 3228, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Cho, Seo-Young & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2012. "Compliance with the Anti-trafficking Protocol," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 249-265.
  8. Randall Akee & Arnab K. Basu & Arjun Bedi & Nancy H. Chau, 2014. "Transnational Trafficking, Law Enforcement, and Victim Protection: A Middleman Trafficker’s Perspective," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(2), pages 349 - 386.
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  10. Jakobsson, Niklas & Kotsadam, Andreas, 2010. "The Law and Economics of International Sex Slavery: Prostitution Laws and Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 458, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 07 Jun 2013.
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  12. Cho, Seo-Young, 2010. "International human rights treaty to change social patterns: The convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics 93, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
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  14. Seo-Young Cho & Axel Dreher & Eric Neumayer, 2012. "Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?," Economics of Security Working Paper Series, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research 71, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  15. G¸nseli Berik & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers & Joseph E. Zveglich, 2004. "International Trade and Gender Wage Discrimination: Evidence from East Asia," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(2), pages 237-254, 05.
  16. Seo-Young Cho, 2012. "Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking," Economics of Security Working Paper Series, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research 70, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  17. Gunseli Berik, 2000. "Mature Export-Led Growth and Gender Wage Inequality in Taiwan," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(3), pages 1-26.
  18. Niklas Potrafke & Heinrich Ursprung, 2011. "Globalization and Gender Equality in Developing Countries," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2011-33, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  19. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-38, July.
  20. Indra de Soysa & Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, 2011. "Does Being Bound Together Suffocate, or Liberate? The Effects of Economic, Social, and Political Globalization on Human Rights, 1981–2005," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(1), pages 20-53, 02.
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Cited by:
  1. Seo-Young Cho, 2012. "Human Trafficking, a Shadow of Migration: Evidence from Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research 1246, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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