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How beliefs about the impact of immigration shape policy preferences: Evidence from Europe

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  • Jérôme Héricourt

    ()
    (EQUIPPE, Universités de Lille, Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Gilles Spielvogel

    ()
    (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, UMR 201)

Abstract

This paper studies the joint determination of beliefs about the economic impact of immigration and immigration policy preferences, using data from the five waves of the European Social Survey (2002- 2010). In addition to standard socioeconomic characteristics, this analysis takes into account individual media consumption as a determinant of opinion about immigration. Our results stress the important role of the endogenous determination of beliefs, which appear as a major determinant of policy preferences. Besides, media exposure appears as a key determinant of beliefs: individuals spending more time to get informed on social and political matters through newspapers and radio have a better opinion on the economic impact of immigration relatively to individuals which devote time to other types of contents. _________________________________ Cet article étudie la détermination conjointe des croyances concernant l'impact économique de l'immigration et des préférences en matière de politiques migratoires, en utilisant les données provenant des cinq vagues de l'European Social Survey (2002-2010). En plus des caractéristiques socio-économiques classiques, cette analyse prend en compte l'exposition aux médias en tant que déterminant de l'opinion sur l'immigration. Nos résultats soulignent le rôle clé de la formation endogène des croyances, qui apparaissent comme un déterminant majeur de préférences en matière de politiques migratoires. Par ailleurs, l'exposition aux médias est un déterminant important des croyances: les individus passant plus de temps à s'informer sur les questions sociales et politiques à travers la presse écrite et la radio ont une opinion plus positive de l'impact économique de l'immigration, relativement aux individus qui consacrent du temps à d'autres types de contenu.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2012/06.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201206

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Keywords: International migration; beliefs; preferences; attitudes; media; Migrations internationales; croyances; préférences; opinion; médias.;

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  1. Facchini, Giovanni & Mayda, Anna Maria & Puglisi, Riccardo, 2009. "Illegal immigration and media exposure: Evidence on individual attitudes," CEPR Discussion Papers 7593, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. David Card & Christian Dustmann & Ian Preston, 2009. "Immigration, Wages, and Compositional Amenities," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0929, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Christina Boswell, 2009. "Knowledge, Legitimation and the Politics of Risk: The Functions of Research in Public Debates on Migration," Political Studies, Political Studies Association, vol. 57, pages 165-186, 03.
  4. David Card, 1989. "The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 3069, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Marco Manacorda & Alan Manning & Jonathan Wadsworth, 2012. "The Impact Of Immigration On The Structure Of Wages: Theory And Evidence From Britain," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 120-151, 02.
  6. Anna Maria Mayda (Georgetown University), 2005. "Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants," Working Papers gueconwpa~05-05-10, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
  7. Giovanni Peri & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2006. "Rethinking the Effects of Immigration on Wages," Working Papers 634, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  8. George J. Borjas, 2003. "The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 9755, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Caroline Halls, 2010. "Assessing the Fiscal Costs and Benefits of A8 Migration to the UK," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 31(1), pages 1-41, 03.
  10. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2001. "Labor Market Competition And Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 133-145, February.
  11. Jens Hainmueller & Michael J. Hiscox, 2005. "Educated Preferences: Explaining Attitudes Toward Immigration in Europe," Others 0505013, EconWPA.
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Cited by:
  1. Hatton, Timothy J., 2014. "Public Opinion on Immigration: Has the Recession Changed Minds?," IZA Discussion Papers 8248, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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