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Illegal Immigration and Media Exposure: Evidence on Individual Attitudes

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Author Info

  • Giovanni Facchini

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Università degli Studi di Milano, CEPR, LdA and CES-Ifo)

  • Anna Maria Mayda

    ()
    (Georgetown University, CEPR, IZA, CReAM and LdA)

  • Riccardo Puglisi

    ()
    (ECARES, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Università degli Studi di Pavia and LdA)

Abstract

Illegal immigration has been the focus of much debate in receiving countries, but little is known about what drives individual attitudes towards illegal immigrants. To study this question, we use the CCES survey, which was carried out in 2006 in the United States. We find evidence that - in addition to standard labor market and welfare state considerations - media exposure is significantly correlated with public opinion on illegal immigration. Controlling for education, income and ideology, individuals watching Fox News are 9 percentage points more likely than CBS viewers to oppose the legalization of undocumented immigrants. We find an effect of the same size and direction for CNN viewers, whereas individuals watching PBS are instead more likely to support legalization. Ideological self-selection into different news programs plays an important role, but cannot entirely explain the correlation between media exposure and attitudes about illegal immigration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 285.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 30 Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:285

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Keywords: Immigration; Illegal Immigration; Attitudes; Preferences; Media;

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References

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  1. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2001. "Labor Market Competition And Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 133-145, February.
  2. Anna Maria Mayda, 2004. "Who is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants," Development Working Papers, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano 187, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  3. Kevin H. O'Rourke & Richard Sinnott, 2004. "The Determinants of Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration," Trinity Economics Papers, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics 20042, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  4. Sendhil Mullainathan & Andrei Shleifer, 2002. "Media Bias," NBER Working Papers 9295, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Facchini, Giovanni & Mayda, Anna Maria, 2006. "Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants: Welfare-State Determinants Across Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 2127, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Valentino Larcinese & Riccardo Puglisi & James M. Snyder, Jr., 2008. "Partisan Bias in Economic News: Evidence on the Agenda-Setting Behavior of U.S. Newspapers," STICERD - Political Economy and Public Policy Paper Series, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE 27, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  7. Hainmueller, Jens & Hiscox, Michael J., 2007. "Educated Preferences: Explaining Attitudes Toward Immigration in Europe," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 61(02), pages 399-442, April.
  8. Alan Gerber & Dean Karlan & Daniel Bergan, 2006. "Does the media matter? A field experiment measuring the effect of newspapers on voting behavior and political opinions," Natural Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00252, The Field Experiments Website.
  9. Stefano DellaVigna & Ethan Kaplan, 2006. "The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting," NBER Working Papers 12169, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2006. "Media Bias and Reputation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(2), pages 280-316, April.
  11. Riccardo Puglisi & James M. Snyder, Jr., 2008. "Media Coverage of Political Scandals," NBER Working Papers 14598, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Dustmann, Christian & Preston, Ian, 2000. "Racial and Economic Factors in Attitudes to Immigration," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2542, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Tim Groseclose & Jeffrey Milyo, 2005. "A Measure of Media Bias," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 120(4), pages 1191-1237, November.
  14. Puglisi Riccardo, 2011. "Being The New York Times: the Political Behaviour of a Newspaper," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-34, April.
  15. Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2003. "Does immigration affect wages? A look at occupation-level evidence," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas 0302, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  16. Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2010. "What Drives Media Slant? Evidence From U.S. Daily Newspapers," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 78(1), pages 35-71, 01.
  17. Kossoudji, S.A. & Cobb-Clark, D.A., 1996. "Coming Out of the Shadows: Learning About Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 347, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
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Cited by:
  1. Protte, Benjamin, 2012. "Does Fleet Street shape politics? Estimating the Effect of Newspaper Coverage about Globalization on the Support for Unemployment Insurance," Working Papers, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics 12-19, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
  2. Jérôme Héricourt & Gilles Spielvogel, 2012. "How beliefs about the impact of immigration shape policy preferences: Evidence from Europe," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2012/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  3. Giovanni Facchini & Anna Maria Mayda & Mariapia Mendola, 2013. "What Drives Individual Attitudes towards Immigration in South Africa?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 326-341, 05.
  4. Lidia Farré & Francesco Fasani, 2011. "Media Exposure and Internal Migration – Evidence from Indonesia," Working Papers 577, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  5. de Coulon, Augustin & Radu, Dragos & Steinhardt, Max Friedrich, 2013. "Pane e Cioccolata: The impact of native attitudes on return migration," HWWI Research Papers 146, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  6. Fujita, M. & Weber, S., 2010. "Immigration Quotas in the Globalized Economy," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 7, pages 10-23.

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