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The Dynamics of Local Employment in France

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  • Pierre-Philippe Combes

    (Crest)

  • Thierry Magnac

    (Crest)

  • Jean-Marc Robin

    (Crest)

Abstract

L'article étudie l'impact de la structure économique locale sur la croissance locale de l'emploi. Cette croissance de l'emploi est décomposée en croissance interne (la croissance de la taille des établissements) et croissance externe (la création de nouveaux établissements). Les auteurs estiment de manière simultanée la dynamique de ces deux variables en utilisant des données de panel. Leurs observations sont annuelles et portent sur 36 secteurs et 341 zones entre 1984 et 1993. Pour modéliser la dynamique de court terme, ils montrent qu'il est très important de bien contrôler la présence d'effets fixes et l'endogenéité. Leur modèle préféré a une dynamique courte (ARMA (1,1)) et les externalités contemporaines dominent les externalités dynamiques. De plus, alors que les effets fixes expliquent la plus grande part de la variation spatiale des tailles d'établissement, la création d'emploi est principalement déterminée par la structure économique locale contemporaine. Les politiques ciblées sur la création de nouveaux établissements devraient être plus efficaces. Par exemple, les zones de grande taille, dotées d'un petit nombre de secteurs de taille égale, devant des établissements plus petits, expérimentent une croissance plus forte de l'emploi.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2003-15.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2003-15

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  1. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1995. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," IFS Working Papers W95/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Henry Overman, 2003. "The Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities in the European Union," CEP Discussion Papers dp0587, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  3. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John & Schuh, Scott, 1996. " Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 297-315, August.
  4. Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Gilles Duranton & Diego Puga, 2000. "Nursery cities: urban diversity, process innovation and the life-cycle of products," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20204, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  8. J. Vernon Henderson & Ari Kuncoro & Matthew Turner, 1992. "Industrial Development in Cities," NBER Working Papers 4178, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. J. Vernon Henderson, 1994. "Externalities and Industrial Development," NBER Working Papers 4730, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Encaoua, David & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1980. "Degree of Monopoly, Indices of Concentration and Threat of Entry," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(1), pages 87-105, February.
  12. Ziliak, James P, 1997. "Efficient Estimation with Panel Data When Instruments Are Predetermined: An Empirical Comparison of Moment-Condition Estimators," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(4), pages 419-31, October.
  13. Vernon Henderson & Duncan Black, 1999. "Spatial Evolution of Population and Industry in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 321-327, May.
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