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The dynamics of local employment in France

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  • Combes, Pierre-Philippe
  • Magnac, Thierry
  • Robin, Jean-Marc

Abstract

L'article étudie l'impact de la structure économique locale sur la croissance locale de l'emploi. Cette croissance de l'emploi est décomposée en croissance interne (la croissance de la taille des établissements) et croissance externe (la création de nouveaux établissements). Les auteurs estiment de manière simultanée la dynamique de ces deux variables en utilisant des données de panel. Leurs observations sont annuelles et portent sur 36 secteurs et 341 zones entre 1984 et 1993. Pour modéliser la dynamique de court terme, ils montrent qu'il est très important de bien contrôler la présence d'effets fixes et l'endogenéité. Leur modèle préféré a une dynamique courte (ARMA (1,1)) et les externalités contemporaines dominent les externalités dynamiques. De plus, alors que les effets fixes expliquent la plus grande part de la variation spatiale des tailles d'établissement, la création d'emploi est principalement déterminée par la structure économique locale contemporaine. Les politiques ciblées sur la création de nouveaux établissements devraient être plus efficaces. Par exemple, les zones de grande taille, dotées d'un petit nombre de secteurs de taille égale, devant des établissements plus petits, expérimentent une croissance plus forte de l'emploi.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 56 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 (September)
Pages: 217-243

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:56:y:2004:i:2:p:217-243

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

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