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Protecting Cultural Monuments Against Terrorism

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  • Bruno S. Frey
  • Dominic Rohner

Abstract

Famous cultural monuments are often regarded as unique icons, making them an attractive target for terrorists. Despite huge military and police outlays, terrorist attacks on important monuments can hardly be avoided. We argue that an effective strategy for discouraging terrorist attacks on iconic monuments is for the government to show a firm commitment to swift reconstruction. Using a simple game-theoretic model, we demonstrate how a credible claim to rebuild any cultural monuments destroyed discourages terrorist attacks by altering the terrorists? expectations and by increasing the government?s reputation costs if they fail to rebuild.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA) in its series CREMA Working Paper Series with number 2005-31.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cra:wpaper:2005-31

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Keywords: Terrorism; Culture; Monuments; Counter-terrorism; Deterrence.;

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References

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  1. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Rational and Self-fulfilling Balance-of-Payments Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 72-81, March.
  2. Evanor Palac-McMiken, 2005. "Economic Costs and Benefits of Combating Terrorism in the Transport Sector," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 19(2), pages 60-71, 05.
  3. Bruno S. Frey & Simon Luechinger, . "How to Fight Terrorism: Alternatives to Deterrence," IEW - Working Papers 137, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  4. Mueller, Dennis C., 2004. "Rights and citizenship in a world of global terrorism," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 335-348, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bruno S. Frey & Lasse Steiner, 2010. "World Heritage List: Does It Make Sense?," CREMA Working Paper Series 2010-11, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).
  2. Friedrich Schneider & Tilman Brück & Daniel Meierrieks, 2010. "The Economics of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: A Survey (Part II)," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1050, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Roland Hodler & Dominic Rohner, 2012. "Electoral terms and terrorism," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(1), pages 181-193, January.
  4. Frey, Bruno S., 2009. "How can business cope with terrorism?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 779-787, September.
  5. Bertrand Crettez & Regis Deloche, 2010. "Terrorism, key assets, and critical infrastructures: to protect or to rebuild? That is the question," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 144(1), pages 105-118, July.
  6. Bruno S. Frey, 2009. "Punishment ? and beyond," CREMA Working Paper Series 2009-14, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).

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