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Selection Effects With Heterogeneous Firms

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  • Mrázová, Monika
  • Neary, J Peter

Abstract

We characterize how firms select between alternative ways of serving a market. ``First-order" selection effects, whether firms enter or not, are extremely robust. "Second-order" ones, how firms serve a market conditional on entry, are less so: more efficient firms will select into the entry mode with lower market-access costs, if and only if firms' maximum profits are supermodular in production and market access costs. Supermodularity holds in many cases but not in all. Exceptions include FDI (both horizontal and vertical) when demands are "sub-convex" (i.e., less convex than CES), fixed costs that vary with access mode, and R&D with threshold effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 9288.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9288

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Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); Heterogeneous Firms; Proximity-Concentration Trade-Off; R&D with Threshold Effects; Super- and Sub-Convexity; Supermodularity;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Friederike Niepmann, 2013. "Banking across borders with heterogeneous banks," Staff Reports 609, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  2. Sergey Kichko & Sergey Kokovin & Evgeny Zhelobodko, 2013. "Trade Patterns and Export Pricing Under Non-CES Preferences," FIW Working Paper series 124, FIW.
  3. Luis Castro & Ben Li & Keith E. Maskus & Yiqing Xie, 2014. "Fixed Export Costs and Export Behavior," CESifo Working Paper Series 4697, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Bernard, Andrew B. & Blanchard, Emily & van Beveren, Ilke & Vandenbussche, Hylke, 2012. "Carry-Along Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 9067, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Monika Mr?zov? & J. Peter Neary, 2014. "Together at Last: Trade Costs, Demand Structure, and Welfare," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(5), pages 298-303, May.
  6. Peter Arendorf Bache & Anders Laugesen, 2013. "Trade Liberalisation and Vertical Integration," Economics Working Papers 2013-14, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  7. Emily Blanchard & Gerald Willmann, 2013. "Trade, Education, and the Shrinking Middle Class," CESifo Working Paper Series 4141, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Peter Arendorf Bache & Anders Laugesen, 2013. "Monotone Comparative Statics for the Industry Composition," Economics Working Papers 2013-10, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  9. PARENTI, Mathieu & ,, 2013. "Large and small firms in a global market: David vs. Goliath," CORE Discussion Papers 2013058, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  10. Peter Neary & Monika Mrazova, 2013. "Not so demanding: Preference structure, firm behavior, and welfare," Economics Series Working Papers 691, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  11. Swati Dhingra & John Morrow, 2012. "The Impact of Integration on Productivity and Welfare Distortions Under Monopolistic Competition," FIW Working Paper series 088, FIW.

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