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International integration and regional inequalities : how important is national infrastructure ?

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  • BEHRENS, Kristian

Abstract

We investigate how international trade and trade policy possibly affect the regional distribution of economic activities within a country involved in a process of economic integration. Our analysis reveals that the impact of decreasing international trade costs on the spatial distribution of economic activities strongly depends on the structure of trade flows and the value of transport costs internal to the country. Whereas trade liberalization in developing countries with poor infrastructure and mostly autarkic regions may exacerbate spatial inequalities, countries with better infrastructure and larger volumes ofinterregional trade may experience a more balanced geographical development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2004066.

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Date of creation: 00 Sep 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2004066

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Keywords: trade liberalization; regional integration; transport costs; trade costs; economic geography;

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References

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  1. Ginsburgh, Victor & Papageorgiou, Yorgo & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1985. "On existence and stability of spatial equilibria and steady-states," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 149-158, June.
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  6. Crozet, Matthieu & Koenig Soubeyran, Pamina, 2004. "EU enlargement and the internal geography of countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 265-279, June.
  7. BEHRENS, Kristian, . "How endogenous asymmetries in interregional market access trigger regional divergence," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1778, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," NBER Working Papers 5098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
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  18. repec:fth:iniesr:430 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. Monfort, Philippe & Nicolini, Rosella, 2000. "Regional Convergence and International Integration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 286-306, September.
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  23. Haddad, Eduardo A. & Domingues, Edson P. & Perobelli, Fernando S., 2002. "Regional effects of economic integration: the case of Brazil," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 453-482, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Barrientos Marín, Jorge & Lotero Contreras, Jorge, 2009. "Evolución y determinantes de las exportaciones industriales regionales: evidencia empírica para Colombia, 1977-2002," BORRADORES DEPARTAMENTO DE ECONOMÍA 008099, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  2. Olga Alonso-Villar, 2006. "A Reflection On The Effects Of Transport Costs Within The New Economic Geography," Working Papers 57, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  3. Xi Yang & Nobuaki Hamaguchi, 2013. "Trade infrastructure and firm location under Cournot competition," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 153-167, February.
  4. Sanguinetti, Pablo & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2009. "Tariffs and manufacturing location in Argentina," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 155-167, March.
  5. Pasquale Commendatore & Ingrid Kubin & Carmelo Petraglia & Iryna Sushko, 2014. "Regional integration, international liberalisation and the dynamics of industrial agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp164, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  6. Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 2006. "IIRSA Economic Fundamentals," IDB Publications 9201, Inter-American Development Bank.
  7. repec:idb:brikps:31178 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Candau Fabien, 2005. "Lumpy World and Race to the Bottom," International Trade 0508008, EconWPA, revised 01 Feb 2006.

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