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Market size and urban hierarchy

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  • BEHRENS, Kristian

Abstract

We investigate the importance of market size as a determinant for industrial location patterns. In order to focus on a broad range of sectors,including the service industries, both traded and non-traded goods are taken into consideration. In our model, traded goods industries always exhibit a "home market effect" (HME), whereas the existence of such an effect for non-traded goods and services crucially hinges on the degree of product differentiation. High degrees of product differentiation generally support a HME, whereas a reverse HME may arise when products are sufficiently close substitutes. Our results point to the existence of some market size dependent "industrial urban" hierarchy: highly differentiated non-traded services are more sensitive to market size than manufacturingactivities and traded services, which in turn are more sensitive to market size than closely substitutable non-traded services.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2004029.

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Date of creation: 00 May 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2004029

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Keywords: reverse home market effect; traded goods; non-traded goods; service industries; urban hierarchy;

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  1. OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco & THISSE, Jacques-François, 1999. "Agglomeration and trade revisited," CORE Discussion Papers 1999041, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Behrens, Kristian & Lamorgese, Andrea & Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2004. "Testing the Home Market Effect in a Multi-Country World: The Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 4468, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Federico Trionfetti, 2001. "Using home-biased demand to test trade theories," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(3), pages 404-426, September.
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  8. OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco & THISSE, Jacques-François, . "Agglomeration and economic geography," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1725, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  9. Behrens, Kristian, 2004. "Agglomeration without trade: how non-traded goods shape the space-economy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 68-92, January.
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  14. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  15. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  16. Holmes, Thomas J. & Stevens, John J., 2004. "Spatial distribution of economic activities in North America," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 63, pages 2797-2843 Elsevier.
  17. Greenhut, Melvin L, 1981. "Spatial Pricing in the United States, West Germany and Japan," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 48(189), pages 79-86, February.
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