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Demanda Laboral en el Sector Manufacturero Colombiano:1977-1999

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  • Carlos A. Arango

    ()

  • Ängela Milena Rojas

Abstract

En este documento se estima un modelo dinámico de la demanda laboral industrial en Colombia con base en datos de panel a nivel de establecimiento para el periodo 1977-1999. Los resultados muestran cambios importantes en la función de demanda de trabajo asociados con el período de apertura económica. En particular, se encuentra que las firmas han aumentado su velocidad de ajuste, y que el proceso de apertura económica de los 90 aumentó la elasticidad de sustitución factorial. No obstante, las firmas más jóvenes son menos elásticas al salario que las empresas más antiguas, en tanto las últimas presentan una velocidad de ajuste menor que las primeras frente a choques de largo plazo. Finalmente, hay evidencia significativa de un proceso técnico ahorrador de trabajo en la firma manufacturera el cual empieza temprano en la década de los 80 pero se profundiza durante la década de los 90. Dada la mayor flexibilidad del establecimiento industrial para ajustar su nomina es posible que los trabajadores enfrenten un mayor grado de incertidumbre en sus condiciones laborales frente a choques de precios relativos o fluctuaciones de la actividad económica.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002270.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 30 Jun 2003
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002270

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  1. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1995. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," IFS Working Papers W95/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Adriana Cassoni & Steven G. Allen & Gaston J. Labadie, 2000. "Unions and Employment in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3092, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    • Adriana Cassoni & Steven G. Allen & Gaston J. Labadie, 2004. "Unions and Employment in Uruguay," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 435-496 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Matthew J. Slaughter, 1997. "International Trade and Labor-Demand Elasticities," NBER Working Papers 6262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Sargent, Thomas J, 1978. "Estimation of Dynamic Labor Demand Schedules under Rational Expectations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 1009-44, December.
  5. Symons, J & Layard, R, 1984. "Neoclassical Demand for Labour Functions for Six Major Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(376), pages 788-99, December.
  6. Adrian Wood, 1995. "How Trade Hurt Unskilled Workers," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 57-80, Summer.
  7. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Maloney, William F., 2000. "Labor demand andtrade reform in Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2491, The World Bank.
  8. Krishna, Pravin & Mitra, Devashish & Chinoy, Sajjid, 2001. "Trade liberalization and labor demand elasticities: evidence from Turkey," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 391-409, December.
  9. Arellano, Manuel & Bover, Olympia, 1995. "Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 29-51, July.
  10. Maurice, S Charles & Ferguson, C E, 1973. "Factor Demand Elasticity under Monopoly and Monopsony," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 40(158), pages 180-86, May.
  11. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  12. Nickell, Stephen, 1984. "An Investigation of the Determinants of Manufacturing Employment in the United Kingdom," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(4), pages 529-57, October.
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