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La demanda de trabajo:Aspectos teóricos y evidencia empírica para Colombia


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  • Jairo Guillermo Isaza Castro


  • Carlos Arturo Meza Carvajalino



Este documento presenta algunos de los aspectos teóricos más importantes para el análisis de la demanda de trabajo, así como la evidencia empírica disponible para el caso colombiano. En cuanto a los aspectos teóricos, al exposición se centra en la discusión microeconómica concerniente a las propiedades de la demanda de trabajo del empresario maximizador de utilidades que enfrenta un proceso productivo con dos factores (K,L). Luego se discuten las implicaciones de los procesos de liberalización de las economías en la demanda de trabajo. La revisión de la literatura efectuada para el caso colombiano muestra como, en general, los estimativos de las elasticidades de la demanda por trabajadores frente al producto y el salario real difieren sustancialmente debido a la diversidad de especificaciones econométricas, la temporalidad de los datos y las fuentes de los mismos.

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Bibliographic Info


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Length: 26
Date of creation: 10 Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000137:002965

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Keywords: Colombia;

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  1. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Maloney, William F., 2005. "Labor demand and trade reform in Latin America," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 423-446, July.
  2. Stafford, Frank, 1984. "Forestalling the Demise of Empirical Economics: The Role of Microdata in Labor Economics Research," Working Paper Series, Research Institute of Industrial Economics 119, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  3. Mark J. Roberts & Emmanuel Skoufias, 1997. "The Long-Run Demand for Skilled and Unskilled Labor in Colombian Manufacturing Plants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 79(2), pages 330-334, May.
  4. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  5. Adriana Cassoni & Steven G. Allen & Gaston J. Labadie, 2004. "Unions and Employment in Uruguay," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 435-496 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Horton, Susan & Kanbur, Ravi & Mazumdar, Dipak, 1991. "Labor markets in an era of adjustment : an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 694, The World Bank.
  7. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  8. Gore, Charles, 2000. "The Rise and Fall of the Washington Consensus as a Paradigm for Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 789-804, May.
  9. Andrew S. Downes & Nlandu Mamingi & Rose-Marie Belle Antoine, 2000. "Labor Market Regulation and Employment in the Caribbean," IDB Publications 43298, Inter-American Development Bank.
  10. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 2000. "Labor Market Reforms and Their Impact on Formal Labor Demand and Job Market Turnover: The Case of Peru," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3095, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. Dani Rodrik, 1997. "Has Globalization Gone Too Far?," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 57, July.
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