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Demanda Laboral Y Reforma Comercial En El Sector Manufacturero Colombiano: 1977 - 1999

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  • CARLOS ARANGO

    ()

  • ANGELA MILENA ROJAS

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se estima un modelo dinámico de la demanda laboral industrial en Colombia, con base en datos de panel a nivel de establecimiento para el período 1977-1999. Los resultados muestran algunos cambios importantes en la función de demanda de trabajo industrial. Se encuentra que las firmas han aumentado su velocidad de ajuste, y que el proceso de apertura económica de los años noventa aumentó la elasticidad de sustitución factorial. No obstante, las firmas más jóvenes son menos elásticas al salario que las empresas más antiguas, en tanto las últimas presentan una velocidad de ajuste menor que las primeras frente a los choques de largo plazo. Finalmente, hay evidencia significativa de un proceso técnico ahorrador de trabajo en la firma manufacturera, el cual empieza temprano en la década de los ochenta pero se profundiza durante la década de los noventa.

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2003)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002271

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Keywords: Demanda laboral;

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  1. Symons, J & Layard, R, 1984. "Neoclassical Demand for Labour Functions for Six Major Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(376), pages 788-99, December.
  2. Krishna, Pravin & Mitra, Devashish & Chinoy, Sajjid, 2001. "Trade liberalization and labor demand elasticities: evidence from Turkey," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 391-409, December.
  3. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  4. Olivier J. Blanchard & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Hysteresis in Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 2035, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    • Adriana Cassoni & Steven G. Allen & Gaston J. Labadie, 2004. "Unions and Employment in Uruguay," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 435-496 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Thomas J. Sargent, 1978. "Estimation of dynamic labor demand schedules under rational expectations," Staff Report 27, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  8. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  9. Adrian Wood, 1995. "How Trade Hurt Unskilled Workers," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 57-80, Summer.
  10. Maurice, S Charles & Ferguson, C E, 1973. "Factor Demand Elasticity under Monopoly and Monopsony," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 40(158), pages 180-86, May.
  11. Nickell, Stephen, 1984. "An Investigation of the Determinants of Manufacturing Employment in the United Kingdom," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(4), pages 529-57, October.
  12. Dani Rodrik, 1997. "Has Globalization Gone Too Far?," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 57.
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