Determinantes estructurales de la sindicalización en Colombia
AbstractLas causas y los efectos de la asociación sindical han sido ampliamente estudiados por la literatura econonómica; no obstante en el caso colombiano existe un claro sesgo hacia el estudio de los efectos sobre el salario. Este documento presenta un estudio de los determinantes estructurales de la tasa de densidad sindical para Colombia incluyendo algunos aspectos particulares como los efectos regionales y sectoriales utilizando la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares 2007. Se encuentra que la densidad sindical está determinada por factores semejantes a los de otros mercados de trabajo con patrones similares de negociación sindical, como los reportados por Johnson (2005). Finalmente, dadas sus cifras de asesinato de sindicalistas, consideramos que los determinantes de la afiliación sindical para el caso Colombiano son más complejos que los de otros países latinoamericanos.****Economic literature has focused on both causes and effects of trade union membership; however, most of the studies about trade unions in Colombia have been focused on its effects over wages and inequality. On this document we present an estimation of the structural determinants of trade union membership, including some specific features as region/sector effects, using the Integrated Household Survey (GEIH) 2007. We find that trade union membership in Colombia seems to depend on the same structural determinants found by Johnson (2005) for a sample of countries. Nonetheless, as trade union activists have been specific victims of homicides, we argue that determinants of trade union memberships in Colombia are more complex than their Latin American counterparts.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 005266.
Date of creation: 03 May 2009
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sindicatos; asalariados; contrato de trabajo;
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