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Impacto del Programa Computadores para Educar" en la deserción estudiantil, el logro escolar y el ingreso a la educación superior"

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Author Info

  • Catherine Rodríguez Orgales

    ()

  • Fabio Sánchez Torres

    ()

  • Juliana Márquez Zúñiga

    ()

Abstract

Utilizando información individual de estudiantes que asisten a las escuelas oficiales este documento examina el impacto del programa Computadores para Educar (CPE) en varios resultados educativos. Este programa otorga computadores a las escuelas beneficiadas y brinda entrenamiento a los maestros de estas para el uso de las Tecnologías de la Información en la pedagogía y el aprendizaje. Específicamente, se analiza el impacto del programa en la tasa de deserción, el logro escolar -medido a través del puntaje estandarizado en la prueba de Estado Colombiano SABER11 (Examen ICFES)- y en el ingreso a la educación superior. Los resultados indican que el programa CPE disminuye la tasa de deserción, incrementa los puntajes de las pruebas estandarizadas y aumenta la probabilidad de ingresar a la educación superior. Además, se encontró que entre más tiempo lleve la escuela como beneficiaria del programa los efectos sobre las variables mencionadas son mayores. Los resultados son robustos frente a distintas especificaciones y grupos de control y se mantienen al utilizar variables instrumentales para corregir problemas de posible autoselección de las escuelas o de variables omitida.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2011-15.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 008744.

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Length: 65
Date of creation: 28 Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:008744

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Related research

Keywords: Computadores para Educar; deserción; calidad de la educación; TICs eneducación; educación superior.;

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References

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  1. Banerjee, Abhijit & Cole, Shawn & Duflo, Esther & Linden, Leigh, 2006. "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India," CEPR Discussion Papers 5446, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Lisa Barrow & Lisa Markman & Cecilia E. Rouse, 2008. "Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction," NBER Working Papers 14240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Austan Goolsbee & Jonathan Guryan, 2006. "The Impact of Internet Subsidies in Public Schools," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(2), pages 336-347, May.
  4. Joshua Angrist & Victor Lavy, 2002. "New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(482), pages 735-765, October.
  5. Thomas Fuchs & Ludger Woessmann, 2004. "Computers and Student Learning: Bivariate and Multivariate Evidence on the Availability and Use of Computers at Home and at School," CESifo Working Paper Series 1321, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Stephen Machin & Sandra McNally & Olmo Silva, 2007. "New Technology in Schools: Is There a Payoff?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(522), pages 1145-1167, 07.
  7. Alderman, Harold, et al, 1996. "The Returns to Endogenous Human Capital in Pakistan's Rural Wage Labour Market," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(1), pages 29-55, February.
  8. Barrera-Osorio, Felipe & Linden, Leigh L., 2009. "The use and misuse of computers in education : evidence from a randomized experiment in Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4836, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Felipe Barrera-Osorio & Dario Maldonado & Catherine Rodríguez, 2012. "Calidad de la educación básica y media en Colombia: diagnóstico y propuestas," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 010078, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.

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