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Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop per Child Program

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  • Julian Cristia

    ()

  • Pablo Ibarraran
  • Santiago Cueto
  • Ana Santiago
  • Eugenio Severin

Abstract

Although many countries are aggressively implementing the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) program, there is a lack of empirical evidence on its effects. This paper presents the impact of the first large-scale randomized evaluation of the OLPC program, using data collected after 15 months of implementation in 319 primary schools in rural Peru. The results indicate that the program increased the ratio of computers per student from 0. 12 to 1. 18 in treatment schools. This expansion in access translated into substantial increases in use both at school and at home. No evidence is found of effects on enrollment and test scores in Math and Language. Some positive effects are found, however, in general cognitive skills as measured by Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a verbal fluency test and a Coding test.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4764.

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Date of creation: Feb 2012
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4764

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  1. Jacob L. Vigdor & Helen F. Ladd, 2010. "Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 16078, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Lisa Barrow & Lisa Markman & Cecilia E. Rouse, 2008. "Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction," NBER Working Papers 14240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Barrera-Osorio, Felipe & Linden, Leigh L., 2009. "The use and misuse of computers in education : evidence from a randomized experiment in Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4836, The World Bank.
  4. Stephen Machin & Sandra McNally & Olmo Silva, 2007. "New Technology in Schools: Is There a Payoff?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(522), pages 1145-1167, 07.
  5. Paul Carrillo & Mercedes Onofa & Juan Ponce, 2010. "Information Technology and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Ecuador," IDB Publications 37758, Inter-American Development Bank.
  6. Ofer Malamud & Cristian Pop-Eleches, 2010. "Home Computer Use and the Development of Human Capital," NBER Working Papers 15814, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. German Bet & Julian Cristia & Pablo Ibarraran, 2014. "The Effects of Shared School Technology Access on Students’ Digital Skills in Peru," Research Department Publications IDB-WP-476, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Robert W. Fairlie & Jonathan Robinson, 2013. "Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Home Computers on Academic Achievement among Schoolchildren," NBER Working Papers 19060, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Mo, Di & Swinnen, Johan & Zhang, Linxiu & Yi, Hongmei & Qu, Qinghe & Boswell, Matthew & Rozelle, Scott, 2013. "Can One-to-One Computing Narrow the Digital Divide and the Educational Gap in China? The Case of Beijing Migrant Schools," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 14-29.
  4. Diether Beuermann & Julian Cristia & Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo & Santiago Cueto & Ofer Malamud, 2012. "Home Computers and Child Outcomes: Short-Term Impacts from a Randomized Experiment in Peru," Research Department Publications 4813, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Bekkerman, Anton & Gilpin, Gregory, 2013. "High-speed Internet growth and the demand for locally accessible information content," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 1-10.
  6. Dorothea Kleine & David Hollow & Sammia Poveda & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2014. "Children, ICT and Development: Capturing the potential, meeting the challenges," Innocenti Insight innins715, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.

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