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The bi-directional relationship between gambling and addictive substances

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  • A. Bussu
  • C. Detotto

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to measure the impact of gambling activity on health among a sample of 709 gamblers in Sardinia (Italy). In fact, gambling is often associated with other lifestyle risk factors that increase the negative effect of such activity. In this paper a multivariate probit approach is proposed in order to document the relationship between gambling expenditures and other addictive behaviours, namely smoking, alcohol and drugs consumption, controlling for a set of individual and gambling characteristics along with emotional and psychological factors. The findings show a bidirectional effect between gambling involvement and alcohol and drugs consumption. Moreover, betting more money leads to an increase in the propensity to consume tobacco in the middle of the game. Then, the co-occurrence of two and/or three of the addictive substances under study drives up the probability to get more involved in gambling activity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia in its series Working Paper CRENoS with number 201403.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:cns:cnscwp:201403

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Keywords: risk factors; health; gambling; co-occurrence; addictions;

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  1. Lorenzo Cappellari & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2003. "Multivariate probit regression using simulated maximum likelihood," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, StataCorp LP, vol. 3(3), pages 278-294, September.
  2. Conlisk, John, 1993. " The Utility of Gambling," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 255-75, June.
  3. Humphreys, Brad & Nyman, John & Ruseski, Jane, 2011. "The Effect of Gambling on Health: Evidence from Canada," Working Papers, University of Alberta, Department of Economics 2011-18, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
  4. A. Bussu & C. Detotto, 2013. "The effect of socio-economic and emotional factors on gambling behaviour," Working Paper CRENoS 201305, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  5. Mikesell, John L., 1994. "State Lottery Sales and Economic Activity," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 47(1), pages 165-71, March.
  6. James J. Heckman, 1977. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," NBER Working Papers 0177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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