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The Relative Income Hypothesis

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  • Francisco Alvarez-Cuadrado
  • Ngo Van Long

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Abstract

We propose an overlapping generations economy where households care about relative consumption, the difference between their consumption and the consumption of their reference group. An individual's consumption is driven by the comparison of his lifetime income and the lifetime income of his reference group; hence the paper offers a permanent income version of the Duesenberry's relative income hypothesis. Across households the saving ratio increases with income while aggregate saving is independent of the income distribution. Positional concerns lead agents to over-consume, over-work and under-save. We propose a simple tax schedule that induces the competitive economy to achieve the efficient allocation. Nous proposons une économie caractérisée par des générations imbriquées et des ménages qui accordent une importance à la consommation relative, soit la différence entre leur consommation et celle de leur groupe de référence. Les habitudes de consommation d’un individu sont dictées par la comparaison du revenu qu’il gagnera au cours de sa vie avec celui de son groupe de référence. Le document offre ainsi une version de l’hypothèse du revenu relatif avancée par Duesenberry qui tient compte du revenu permanent. Dans l’ensemble des ménages, le ratio d’épargne augmente en fonction du revenu, mais l’épargne globale est indépendante de la répartition du revenu. Les préoccupations des agents concernant leur position incitent ces derniers à consommer et à travailler de façon excessive et à épargner insuffisamment. Nous proposons un programme d’imposition qui encourage l’économie concurrentielle à atteindre une répartition efficiente.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2008s-18.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2008s-18

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Keywords: relative consumption; relative income hypothesis; permanent income hypothesis; consommation relative; hypothèse du revenu relatif; hypothèse du revenu permanent;

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Cited by:
  1. Georgarakos, Dimitris & Haliassos, Michalis & Pasini, Giacomo, 2012. "Household Debt and Social Interactions," CEPR Discussion Papers 9238, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Alimi, R. Santos, 2013. "Keynes' Absolute Income Hypothesis and Kuznets Paradox," MPRA Paper 49310, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Yun Kim & Mark Setterfield & Yuan Mei, 2013. "A Theory of Aggregate Consumption," Working Papers 1301, Trinity College, Department of Economics.
  4. Moritz Drechsel-Grau & Kai D. Schmid, 2013. "Consumption-Savings Decisions under Upward Looking Comparisons: Evidence from Germany, 2002-2011," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 594, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  5. Fares Al-Hussami & Álvaro Martín Remesal, 2012. "Current Account Imbalances and Income Inequality: Theory and Evidence," Kiel Advanced Studies Working Papers 459, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Sweet, Elizabeth & Nandi, Arijit & Adam, Emma K. & McDade, Thomas W., 2013. "The high price of debt: Household financial debt and its impact on mental and physical health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 94-100.
  7. Josephine Jacobs & Courtney Van Houtven & Audrey Laporte & Peter Coyte, 2014. "The Impact of Informal Caregiving Intensity on Women's Retirement in the United States," Working Papers 140008, Canadian Centre for Health Economics.

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