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Curva de Beveridge, Vacantes y Desempleo: Chile 1986-2002.II

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  • Dolly Belani
  • Pablo García
  • Ernesto Pastén

Abstract

In this paper we provide a vacancyindex for Chile for the period 1986 to the second quarter of 2002. This index is calculated using the number of jobs offered in newspapers’ advertisements of the 5 main urban areas. This information, in addition with employment and labor force data, is used to draw and estimate a Beveridge Curve (CB). We used this curve to analyze the sources of unemployment volatility. The stability of the curve along the sample is a signal of the anticyclical trayectory of the unemployment. On the other hand, shifts in this curve allow to conclude that unbalanced shocks have affected the labor market. The main conclusions of this paper are: i) the index is reasonably unbiased, despite of the fact that some statistical problems were not completely corrected; ii) there is no evidence to reject the stability of the CB (or the anticyclical behavior of the unemployment) at the national level during the sample, including the recent period; iii) in the context of an impulse-response analysis, a transitory innovation of vacancies has permanent impact on employment; iv) the index may be considered as a leader indicator of GDP (in one quarter) and employment (in half a year); v) these aggregated results are strongly influenced by the high weight of Santiago (the Capital) over the total; vi) outside the Capital, the CB seems to have been more unstable, specially in Concepción-Talcahuano and Temuco (both located in the South of the country), suffering a shift in the early 90s. However, it is not possible to conclude that these displacements are caused by sample problems in the data, by sectorial shocks or by non-linearity in the employment-vacancies elasticity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 191.

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Date of creation: Nov 2002
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:191

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  1. Wall, Howard J & Zoega, Gylfi, 2002. " The British Beveridge Curve: A Tale of Ten Regions," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(3), pages 261-80, July.
  2. Anders Forslund & Alan B. Krueger, 1997. "An Evaluation of the Swedish Active Labor Market Policy: New and Received Wisdom," NBER Chapters, in: The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, pages 267-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Coles, Melvyn G & Smith, Eric, 1998. "Marketplaces and Matching," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(1), pages 239-54, February.
  4. Abraham, Katharine G. & Katz, Lawrence F., 1986. "Cyclical Unemployment: Sectoral Shifts or Aggregate Disturbances?," Scholarly Articles 3442781, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. Petrongolo, Barbara & Pissarides, Christopher, 2000. "Looking Into The Black Box: A Survey Of The Matching Function," CEPR Discussion Papers 2409, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Lilien, David M, 1982. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(4), pages 777-93, August.
  7. Oliver Jean Blanchard & Peter Diamond, 1989. "The Beveridge Curve," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 20(1), pages 1-76.
  8. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  9. Christopher A. Pissarides, 1992. "Search Unemployment with on-the-job Search," CEP Discussion Papers dp0074, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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