Urban form and sustainable development
AbstractIn this paper we study how the urban structure affects two environmental outcomes : greenhouse gas emissions from commuting and the conversion of agricultural/natural land ressources. The urban structure is characterized by its degree of polycentrism and by the share of urban and peri-urban dwellers. Polycentrism may lead to opposite eects on these indicators as lower commuting costs in secondary centers lead to lower land rents that may allow households to consume more residential land; furthermore commuting lenght may decrease, if workers commute to the closest business district, inducing less GHG emissions. The environmental impact of the urban structure is very dependant on residential lot sizes, fixed within zones but dierent between them. Then we address the implementation of two types of instruments to comply with an exogenous GHG target, a commuting tax/subsidy and a communication tax/subsidy for firms established in the secondary center.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by INRA UMR CESAER, Centre d'’Economie et Sociologie appliquées à l'’Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux in its series INRA UMR CESAER Working Papers with number 2012/5.
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Polycentrism; Urban costs; Communication costs; Commuting costs; Environmental policy; Greenhouse gas emissions; Land conversion;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
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