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Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?

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  • Aizenman, Joshua
  • Sushko, Vladyslav

Abstract

This paper applies a probit estimation to assess the relationship between economic takeoffs during 1950-2000 and inflows of portfolio debt, portfolio equity, and FDI, controlling for country’s stock of short-termexternal debt and commodity terms of trade. Average level of FDI inflows is associated with a 23 percenthigher takeoff probability relative to a zero FDI inflow benchmark, and this effect is highest for the LatinAmerica subsample, with a 65 rise in takeoff probability. Higher stock of short term external debt hasbeen associated with a substantial negative effect on the probability of a takeoff, and the effect of theshort terms debt overhang is largest for Latin American countries. Yet, virtually all the takeoffs wereassociated with a rise in portfolio debt inflows. At the sample mean, inflow of portfolio debt is associatedwith approximately 25 percent higher probability of a takeoff. In contrast, a one standard deviationincrease in equity outflows (inflows) is associated with a 47 percent (17 percent) decline in the probabilityof a takeoff. A one standard deviation improvement in commodity terms of trade is associated with 28percent higher takeoff probability.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz in its series Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series with number qt79f5144f.

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Date of creation: 05 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucscec:qt79f5144f

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Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences;

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References

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  1. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2001. "Trade, growth, and poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2615, The World Bank.
  2. Benjamin F. Jones & Benjamin A. Olken, 2005. "Do Leaders Matter? National Leadership and Growth Since World War II," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 120(3), pages 835-864, August.
  3. Eswar S. Prasad & Raghuram G. Rajan & Arvind Subramanian, 2007. "Foreign Capital and Economic Growth," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 38(1), pages 153-230.
  4. International Monetary Fund, 2009. "Commodity Terms of Trade: The History of Booms and Busts," IMF Working Papers 09/205, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Joseph Joyce, 2011. "Financial Globalization and Banking Crises in Emerging Markets," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 22(5), pages 875-895, November.
  6. Luca Antonio Ricci & Jaewoo Lee & Gian-Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2008. "Real Exchange Rates and Fundamentals: A Cross-Country Perspective," IMF Working Papers 08/13, International Monetary Fund.
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Cited by:
  1. Kristin Forbes & Marcel Fratzscher & Thomas Kostka & Roland Straub, 2012. "Bubble Thy Neighbor: Portfolio Effects and Externalities from Capital Controls," NBER Working Papers 18052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Aizenman, Joshua & Pinto, Brian & Sushko, Vladyslav, 2012. "Financial Sector Ups and Downs and the Real Sector: Up by the Stairs and Down by the Parachute," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt81p0j667, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
  3. Marcel Fratzscher, 2011. "Capital Controls and Foreign Exchange Policy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 652, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. Aizenman, Joshua & Pinto, Brian & Sushko, Vladyslav, 2011. "Financial sector ups and downs and the real sector : big hindrance, little help," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5860, The World Bank.
  5. Forbes, Kristin J. & Fratzscher, Marcel & Kostka, Thomas & Straub, Roland, 2012. "Bubble thy neighbor: portfolio effects and externalities from capital controls," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov, pages 1-48.
  6. Vivek Arora & Karl Habermeier & Jonathan D. Ostry & Rhoda Weeks-Brown, 2013. "La liberalización y el manejo de los flujos de capital: una visión institucional," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 205-255, January-J.
  7. Joshua Aizenman & Brian Pinto & Vladyslav Sushko, 2013. "Financial sector ups and downs and the real sector in the open economy: Up by the stairs, down by the parachute," BIS Working Papers 411, Bank for International Settlements.
  8. Joshua Aizenman & Brian Pinto & Vladyslav Sushko, 2011. "Financial Sector Ups and Downs and the Real Sector: Up by the stairs, down by the parachute," NBER Working Papers 17530, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Simone Salotti & Carmine Trecroci, 2012. "Even Worse than You thought: The Impact of Public Debt on Aggregate Investment and Productivity," DEGIT Conference Papers c017_020, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.

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