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What is the best environmental policy?Taxes, permits and rules under economic and environmental uncertainty

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  • Konstantinos Angelopoulos

    (University of Glasgow)

  • George Economides

    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Apostolis Philippopoulos

    (Athens University of Economics and Business, University of Glasgow and Visiting Scholar at the Bank of Greece)

Abstract

We welfare rank different types of second-best environmental policy. The focus is on the roles of uncertainty and public finance. The setup is the basic stochastic neoclassical growth model augmented with the assumptions that pollution occurs as a by-product of output produced and environmental quality is treated as a public good. To compare different policy regimes, we compute the welfare-maximizing value of the second-best policy instrument in each regime. In all cases studied, pollution permits are the worst recipe, even when their revenues are used to finance public abatement. When the main source of uncertainty is economic, the best recipe is to levy taxes (on pollution or output) and use the collected tax revenues to finance public abatement. However, when environmental uncertainty is the dominant source of extrinsic uncertainty, Kyoto-like rules for emissions, being combined with tax-financed public abatement, are better than taxes. Finally, comparing pollution and output taxes, the latter are better.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Greece in its series Working Papers with number 119.

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Length: 47
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bog:wpaper:119

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Keywords: General equilibrium; uncertainty; environmental policy;

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Cited by:
  1. Fischer, Carolyn & Heutel, Garth, 2013. "Environmental Macroeconomics: Environmental Policy, Business Cycles, and Directed Technical Change," Working Papers 13-2, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.
  2. Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio di Dio, 2013. "Environmental Policy and Macroeconomic Dynamics in a New Keynesian Model," CEIS Research Paper 286, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 30 Sep 2013.
  3. Donatella Baiardi & Mario Menegatti, 2011. "Pigouvian tax, abatement policies and uncertainty on the environment," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 103(3), pages 221-251, July.
  4. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & George Economides & Apostolis Philippopoulos, 2010. "First-and second-best allocations under economic and environmental uncertainty," Working Papers 2010_35, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.

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